Roundhead

Roundheads were the supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War (1642–1651). Also known as Parliamentarians, they fought against King Charles I of England and his supporters, known as the Cavaliers or Royalists, who claimed rule by absolute monarchy and the principle of the divine right of kings.[1] The goal of the Roundhead party was to give the Parliament supreme control over executive administration of the country/kingdom.[2]

Roundheads
Lord ProtectorOliver Cromwell (until 1658)
Richard Cromwell (1659)
LeadersOliver Cromwell
Richard Cromwell
John Bradshaw
Thomas Fairfax
Dissolved1678 (1678)
Succeeded byWhigs
IdeologyLiberalism
Low church interests
Nonconformist interests
Parliamentarism
Republicanism
Political positionCentre-left
ReligionProtestantism
A Roundhead as portrayed by John Pettie (1839–1893)