Roussillon

Roussillon (UK: /ˈrsɪjɒn/ ROO-si-yon,[1] US: /ˌrsˈjn/ ROO-see-YOHN,[2] French: [ʁusijɔ̃]; Catalan: Rosselló [rusəˈʎo]; Occitan: Rosselhon [ruseˈʎu]) is a historical province of France that largely corresponded to the County of Roussillon and part of the County of Cerdagne of the former Principality of Catalonia. It is part of the region of Northern Catalonia[lower-alpha 1] or French Catalonia (the former used by Catalan-speakers and the latter used by French-speakers), corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrénées-Orientales (with Roussillon, Conflent, and Fenouillèdes) in Languedoc-Roussillon.

Roussillon
Rosselló  (Catalan)
Historical province
CountryFrance
DepartmentPyrénées-Orientales
Largest settlementPerpignan
Area
  Total3,500 km2 (1,400 sq mi)
Population
  Total450,000
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Flag of Roussillon, which was the flag of the Crown of Aragon, to which Roussillon's lords were vassal from the High Middle Ages
Roussillon coast
Grape pickers near Maury
A snow-capped Mount Canigó (Canigou) (2785 m) across the Roussillon plain