Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is a charitable organisation registered in England and Wales[2] and in Scotland.[3] It was founded in 1889. It works to promote conservation and protection of birds and the wider environment through public awareness campaigns, petitions and through the operation of nature reserves throughout the United Kingdom.[4]

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
TypeConservation charity
Founded1889 (1889), Fletcher Moss Botanical Garden, Manchester
FounderEliza Phillips
Etta Lemon 
HeadquartersThe Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire, England
2 Lochside View, Edinburgh, Scotland
Area served
United Kingdom
Key people
Revenue £88.28 million GBP (2006)[1]
£69.7 million GBP (2006)[1]
£3.68 million GBP (2006)[1]
Number of employees

In 2019/20 the RSPB had an income of £112 million, 2,000 employees, 12,000 volunteers and 1.1 million members (including 195,000 youth members), making it one of the world's largest wildlife conservation organisations.[5] The RSPB has many local groups and maintains 200 nature reserves.[6]