The Russians (Russian: русские, romanized: russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe, who share a common Russian ancestry, culture, and history. Russian, the most spoken Slavic language, is the shared mother tongue of the Russians; and Orthodox Christianity is their historical religion since the 11th century. They are the largest Slavic nation, as well as the largest European nation.

Russian: Русские
Total population
134 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Russia  117,319,000[2]
 Germanyapprox. 7,500,000
(including Russian Jews and Russian Germans)[3][4][5]
 Ukraine7,170,000 (2018) including Crimea[6]
 Kazakhstan3,512,925 (2020)[7]
 United States3,072,756 (2009)
(including Russian Jews and Russian Germans)[8]
 Brazil1,800,000 (2010)
(Russian ancestry and Russian Germans and Jews)[9]
35,000 (2018)
(born in Russia)[10]
 Israel938,500 (2011)
(including Russian Jews)[11]
 Uzbekistan809,530 (2019)[12]
 Belarus706,992 (2019)[13]
 Canada622,445 (2016)
(Russian ancestry, excluding Russian Germans)[14]
 Latvia487,250 (2018)[15]
 Kyrgyzstan352,960 (2018)[16]
 Estonia322,700 (2021)[17]
 Argentina300,000 (2018)[18]
 Moldova201,218 (2014)[19]
 France200,000[20] to 500,000[20][21]
 Turkmenistan150,000 (2012)[22]
 Lithuania129,797 (2017)[23]
 Azerbaijan119,300 (2009)[25]
 Finland90,801 (2020)[26]
 Spain72,234 (2017)[27]
 Australia67,055 (2006)[28]
(Russian ancestry)[29]
 Poland40,000 (2019)[30]
 Romania36,397 (2002)
 Czech Republic35,759 (2016)[32]
 Tajikistan35,000 (2010)[33]
 South Korea30,098 (2016)[34][35]
 Georgia26,453 (2014)[36]
 Hungary21,518 (2016)[37]
 Sweden20,187 (2016)[38]
 China15,609 (2000)[39]
 Bulgaria15,595 (2002)[40]
 Armenia14,660 (2002)[41]
 Greece13,635 (2002)[42]
 India6,000–15,000 (2011)[43]
 Denmark7,686 (2019)[44]
 New Zealand5,979 (2013)[45]
 Cyprus4,952 (2001)[46]
Majority Eastern Orthodoxy
(Russian Orthodoxy)
Related ethnic groups
Linguistically and genetically other East Slavs (Belarusians, Ukrainians, Rusyns)[47]

The Russians were formed from East Slavic tribes, and their cultural ancestry is based in Kievan Rus'. Genetically, the majority of Russian populations are identical to the other East and West Slavs, only in the North Russian populations is it noted that they belong to the North European Baltic gene pool. The Russian word for the Russians is derived from the people of Rus' and the territory of Rus'. The Russians share many historical and cultural traits with other European peoples, and especially with other East Slavic ethnic groups, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians.

Of the total 258 million speakers of Russian in the world,[48] roughly 134 million of them are ethnic Russians.[1] The vast majority of Russians live in native Russia, but notable minorities are scattered throughout other post-Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora (sometimes including Russian-speaking non-Russians), estimated at over 20–30 million people, has developed all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Brazil, and Canada.

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