Rutland (/ˈrʌtlənd/) is a ceremonial county and unitary authority in the East Midlands, England. The county is bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire.

Oakham, the county town of Rutland
Multum in parvo
("Much in little")
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionEast Midlands
Established1 April 1997
Established byLocal Government Commission for England
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of ParliamentAlicia Kearns (C)
PoliceLeicestershire Police
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantSarah Furness
High SheriffDavid Wood[1] (2021–22)
Area382 km2 (147 sq mi)
  Ranked45th of 48
Population (mid-2019 est.)39,697
  Ranked47th of 48
Density104/km2 (270/sq mi)
Ethnicity98.1% White
Unitary authority
Rutland County Council
Admin HQOakham
Area381.8 km2 (147.4 sq mi)
  Ranked102nd of 326
  Ranked312th of 326
Density104/km2 (270/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-RUT
ONS code00FP
GSS codeE06000017
Oakham Castle
Rutland Water

Its greatest length north to south is only 18 miles (29 km) and its greatest breadth east to west is 17 miles (27 km). It is the smallest historic county in England and the fourth smallest in the UK as a whole. Because of this, the Latin motto Multum in Parvo or "much in little" was adopted by the county council in 1950.[2] It has the smallest population of any normal unitary authority in England. Among the current ceremonial counties, the Isle of Wight, City of London and City of Bristol are smaller in area. The former County of London, in existence 1889 to 1965, also had a smaller area. It is 323rd of the 326 districts in population.

The only towns in Rutland are Oakham, the county town, and Uppingham. At the centre of the county is Rutland Water, a large artificial reservoir that is an important nature reserve serving as an overwintering site for wildfowl and a breeding site for ospreys.

Rutland's older cottages are built from limestone or ironstone and many have roofs of Collyweston stone slate or thatch.

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