Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (/ / (listen); pronounced [sət͡ʃin t̪eːɳɖulkəɾ]; born 24 April 1973) is an Indian former international cricketer who captained the Indian national team. He is regarded as one of the greatest batsmen in the history of cricket. He is the highest run scorer of all time in international cricket, and the only player to have scored one hundred international centuries, the first batsman to score a double century in a One Day International (ODI), the holder of the record for the most runs in both Test and ODI cricket, and as of 2021 the only player to score more than 30,000 runs in international cricket. He was the only Indian cricketer included in an all-time Test World XI compiled in 2013 to mark the 150th anniversary of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. He is affectionately known as "Little Master" or "Master Blaster".
|Full name||Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar|
|Born||24 April 1973|
Bombay, Maharashtra, India
|Nickname||Little Master, Master Blaster|
|Height||5 ft 5 in (1.65 m)|
|Bowling||Right-arm leg break|
Right-arm off break
|Relations||Arjun Tendulkar (son)|
Ramesh Tendulkar (father)
|Test debut (cap 187)||15 November 1989 v Pakistan|
|Last Test||14 November 2013 v West Indies|
|ODI debut (cap 74)||18 December 1989 v Pakistan|
|Last ODI||18 March 2012 v Pakistan|
|ODI shirt no.||10|
|Only T20I (cap 11)||1 December 2006 v South Africa|
|Domestic team information|
|2008–2013||Mumbai Indians (squad no. 10)|
Source: ESPNcricinfo, 15 November 2013
|Member of parliament, Rajya Sabha|
27 April 2012 – 26 April 2018
Tendulkar took up cricket at the age of eleven, made his Test match debut on 15 November 1989 against Pakistan in Karachi at the age of sixteen, and went on to represent Mumbai domestically and India internationally for close to twenty-four years. In 2002, halfway through his career, Wisden ranked him the second-greatest Test batsman of all time, behind Don Bradman, and the second-greatest ODI batsman of all time, behind Viv Richards. Later in his career, Tendulkar was part of the Indian team that won the 2011 Cricket World Cup, his first win in six World Cup appearances for India. He had previously been named "Player of the Tournament" at the 2003 edition of the tournament.
Tendulkar received the Arjuna Award in 1994 for his outstanding sporting achievements, the Khel Ratna Award, India's highest sporting honour, in 1997, and the Padma Shri and Padma Vibhushan awards in 1999 and 2008, respectively, two of India's highest civilian awards. A few hours after the end of his last match in November 2013, the Prime Minister's Office announced the decision to award him the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award. As of 2021, he is the youngest recipient to date and was the first sportsperson to receive the award. In 2012, Tendulkar was nominated to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India. In 2010, Time magazine included Tendulkar in its annual Time 100 list as one of the most influential people in the world.
Tendulkar was awarded the Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for cricketer of the year at the 2010 ICC Awards. Having retired from ODI cricket in 2012, he retired from all forms of cricket in November 2013 after playing his 200th Test match. Tendulkar played 664 international cricket matches in total, scoring 34,357 runs. In 2019 he was inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame.