Roch or Rocco (lived c. 1348 – 15/16 August 1376/79 (traditionally c. 1295 – 16 August 1327) is a Catholic saint, a confessor whose death is commemorated on 16 August and 9 September in Italy; he is especially invoked against the plague. He may also be called Rock in English, and has the designation of Rollox in Glasgow, Scotland, said to be a corruption of Roch's Loch, which referred to a small loch once near a chapel dedicated to Roch in 1506.
|Born||c. 1348 (trad. 1295)|
Montpellier, Kingdom of Majorca
|Died||15/16 August 1376/79|
Voghera, County of Savoy (trad. 1327, Montpellier)
|Venerated in||Catholic Church |
|Canonized||by popular fervour; added to the Roman Martyrology by Pope Gregory XIV|
August 17 (Third Order of Saint Francis)
|Attributes||Wound on thigh, dog offering bread, Pilgrim's hat, Pilgrim's staff|
|Patronage||Sarmato, Altare e Girifalco, Italy. Invoked against: cholera, epidemics, knee problems, plague, skin diseases. Patron Saint of: bachelors, diseased cattle, dogs, falsely accused people, invalids, Istanbul, surgeons, tile-makers, gravediggers, second-hand dealers, pilgrims, apothecaries, Pateros, Caloocan, Philippines|
He is a patron saint of dogs, invalids, of falsely accused people, bachelors, and several other things. He is the patron saint of Dolo (near Venice) and Parma. He is also the patron of Casamassima, Cisterna di Latina and Palagiano, Italy.
Saint Roch is known as "São Roque" in Portuguese, as "Sant Roc" in Catalan, and as "San Roque" in Spanish (including in former colonies of the Spanish colonial empire such as the Philippines) and in Serbia there is a church Sveti Roka in Petrovaradin named after him.