Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (/ˌɡrɛnəˈdnz/ (listen)) is an island country in the Caribbean. It is located in the southeast Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles, which lie in the West Indies at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Motto: "Pax et Justitia" (Latin)
"Peace and Justice"
Anthem: "Saint Vincent, Land so Beautiful"
and largest city
13°10′N 61°14′W
Official languagesEnglish
Vernacular languageVincentian Creole
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Vincy (colloquial)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Elizabeth II
Susan Dougan
Ralph Gonsalves
LegislatureHouse of Assembly
27 October 1969
 from the United Kingdom
27 October 1979
389 km2 (150 sq mi) (184th)
 Water (%)
 2018 estimate
110,211[2][3] (179th)
 2021 census
307/km2 (795.1/sq mi) (39th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
$1.373 billion
 Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
$864 million
 Per capita
HDI (2019) 0.738[5]
high · 97th
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1 784
ISO 3166 codeVC

Its 369 km2 (142 sq mi) territory consists of the main island of Saint Vincent and, south of that, two-thirds of the northern part of the Grenadines, a chain of 32 smaller islands. Some of the Grenadines are inhabited Bequia, Mustique, Union Island, Canouan, Petit Saint Vincent, Palm Island, Mayreau, Young Island — while others are not: Tobago Cays, Baliceaux, Battowia, Quatre, Petite Mustique, Savan and Petit Nevis. Most of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines lies within the Hurricane Alley.

To the north of Saint Vincent lies Saint Lucia, to the east is Barbados, and Grenada lies to the south. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines has a population density of over 300 inhabitants/km2 (700 per sq. mi.), with approximately 110,211 total inhabitants.[2][3]

Kingstown is the capital and main port. Saint Vincent has a British colonial history, and is now part of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, CARICOM, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC).

In April 2021, the La Soufrière volcano erupted several times with "explosive events" continuing. By 12 April, 16,000 residents had evacuated the areas of their homes.[6][7] Assistance and emergency financial support was being provided by several nearby islands, the United Kingdom and agencies such as the United Nations. The first significant offer of long-term funding, of US$20 million, was announced on 13 April 2021 by the World Bank.[8]