Sakhalin Oblast

Sakhalin Oblast (Russian: Сахали́нская о́бласть, tr. Sahalínskaya óblast', IPA: [səxɐˈlʲinskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ]) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) comprising the island of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands in the Russian Far East. The oblast has an area of 87,100 square kilometers (33,600 sq mi). Its administrative center and largest city is Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. As of the 2010 Census, the oblast has a population of roughly 500,000.[5]

Sakhalin Oblast
Сахалинская область
Coordinates: 50°33′N 142°36′E
CountryRussia
Federal districtFar Eastern[1]
Economic regionFar Eastern[2]
Administrative centerYuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Government
  BodyOblast Duma
  GovernorValery Limarenko[3]
Area
  Total87,100 km2 (33,600 sq mi)
Area rank37th
Population
 (2010 Census)[5]
  Total497,973
  Estimate 
(2018)[6]
490,181 (−1.6%)
  Rank72nd
  Density5.7/km2 (15/sq mi)
  Urban
79.7%
  Rural
20.3%
Time zoneUTC+11 (MSK+8 [7])
ISO 3166 codeRU-SAK
License plates65
OKTMO ID64000000
Official languagesRussian[8]
Websitehttp://www.adm.sakhalin.ru

The vast majority of the oblast's residents are ethnic Russians, with a small minority of Koreans. Sakhalin Oblast is rich in natural gas and oil, and is Russia's fourth wealthiest federal subject and wealthiest oblast.[9] It borders Khabarovsk Krai to the west and Kamchatka Krai to the north, along with Hokkaido, Japan to the south.


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