Salamanca

Salamanca (/ˌsæləˈmæŋkə/ SAL-ə-MANK, Spanish: [salaˈmaŋka]) is a city situated in western Spain and is the capital of the Province of Salamanca in the autonomous community of Castile and León. The city lies on several rolling hills by the Tormes River. Its Old City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. As of 2018, the municipality has a population of 143,978.

Salamanca
Salamanca
Location of Salamanca in Spain
Salamanca
Salamanca (Castile and León)
Salamanca
Salamanca (Europe)
Coordinates: 40°58′N 5°40′W
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityCastile and León
ProvinceSalamanca
Area
  Total38.6 km2 (14.9 sq mi)
Elevation
802 m (2,631 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
  Total143,978
  Density3,700/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)34 (Spain) + 923 (Salamanca)
Websitewww.salamanca.es
Official nameOld City of Salamanca
Includes
  1. Old Quarter of the City
  2. Colegio de los Irlandeses
  3. Iglesia de San Marcos [es]
  4. Iglesia de Sancti Spiritus
  5. Convento de las Claras [es]
  6. Casa-Convento de Santa Teresa [es]
  7. Iglesia de San Juan Barbalos [es]
  8. Iglesia de San Cristobal [es]
CriteriaCultural: (i)(ii)(iv)
Reference381rev
Inscription1988 (12th Session)
Area50.78 ha (125.5 acres)
Buffer zone130.3 ha (322 acres)

It is one of the most important university cities in Spain and supplies 16% of Spain's market for the teaching of the Spanish language.[2][3] Salamanca attracts thousands of international students.[4]

The University of Salamanca, founded in 1218, is the oldest university in Spain and the third oldest western university. Pope Alexander IV gave universal validity to its degrees.[5] With 30,000 students, the university is, together with tourism, a primary source of income in Salamanca. It is on the Via de la Plata path of the Camino de Santiago.