Salford (/ˈsɒlfərd/) is a city in Greater Manchester, England. It is the principal settlement of the metropolitan borough of the City of Salford. In 2011, Salford had a population of 103,886,[1] Salford is located in a meander of the River Irwell which forms part of its boundary with Manchester. The former County Borough of Salford, which also included Broughton, Pendleton and Kersal, was granted city status in 1926. In 1974 the wider Metropolitan Borough of the City of Salford was established with responsibility for a significantly larger region.[2]

Location within Greater Manchester
Area8.1 sq mi (21 km2)
Population103,886 (2011 Census)[1]
 Density8,981/sq mi (3,468/km2)
OS grid referenceSJ805985
 London164 mi (264 km) SE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSALFORD
Postcode districtM3, M5–M7, M50
Dialling code0161
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
Greater Manchester
53.4830°N 2.2931°W / 53.4830; -2.2931

Historically in Lancashire, Salford was the judicial seat of the ancient hundred of Salfordshire. It was granted a charter by Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester, in about 1230, making Salford a free borough of greater cultural and commercial importance than its neighbour Manchester,[3] although since the Industrial Revolution of the late 18th and early 19th centuries that position has been reversed.[4][5]

Salford became a major cotton and silk spinning and weaving factory town in the 18th and 19th centuries and important inland port on the Manchester Ship Canal from 1894. Industries declined in the 20th century, causing economic depression, and Salford became a place of contrasts, with regenerated inner-city areas like Salford Quays next to some of the most socially deprived and violent areas in England.[6]

Salford is home to the University of Salford, and has seen several firsts, including the world's first free public library,[7] and the first street to be lit by gas.[8] Salford's MediaCityUK became the headquarters of CBBC and BBC Sport in 2011,[9] joined by ITV Granada in 2013.