Samara (Russian: Сама́ра, IPA: [sɐˈmarə]), known from 1935 to 1991 as Kuybyshev (Куйбышев; IPA: [ˈkujbɨʂɨf]), is the largest city and administrative centre of Samara Oblast in Russia. The city is located at the confluence of the Volga and the Samara rivers, with a population of over 1.14 million residents,[15] up to 1.22 million residents in the urban agglomeration, not including Novokuybyshevsk, which is not conurbated. The city covers an area of 541.382 square kilometers (209.029 sq mi), and is the eighth-largest city in Russia and tenth agglomeration, the third-most populous city on the Volga, as well as the Volga Federal District.

View of Samara along the Volga
Sacred Heart Church, Samara
Soyuz launch vehicle monument, Samara
Samara railway station
Samara Regional Art Museum.jpg
Top: View of Samara skyline along the Volga river
Middle: Sacred Heart Church, Soyuz launch vehicle (left to right)
Bottom: Samara Railway Station, Samara Regional Art Museum (left to right)
Flag of Samara
Coat of arms of Samara
Location of Samara
Samara is located in Samara Oblast
Location of Samara
Samara is located in European Russia
Samara (European Russia)
Samara is located in Europe
Samara (Europe)
Coordinates: 53°12′10″N 50°08′27″E
Federal subjectSamara Oblast[2]
City status since1688[4]
  BodySamara City Council[5]
  Mayor[6]Yelena Lapushkina[6]
  Total541.382 km2 (209.029 sq mi)
100 m (300 ft)
1,163,399 (−0.1%)
  Ranksixth in 2010
  Density2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
  Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Samara[2]
  Capital ofSamara Oblast[2], Volzhsky District[1]
  Urban okrugSamara Urban Okrug[10]
  Capital ofSamara Urban Okrug[10], Volzhsky Municipal District[11]
Time zoneUTC+4 (MSK+1 Edit this on Wikidata[12])
Postal code(s)[13]
Dialing code(s)+7 846[14]
OKTMO ID36701000001

Formerly a closed city, Samara is now a large and important social, political, economic, industrial, and cultural centre in Russia and hosted the European Union—Russia Summit in May 2007. It has a continental climate characterised by hot summers and cold winters. The life of Samara's citizens has always been intrinsically linked to the Volga River, which has not only served as the main commercial thoroughfare of Russia throughout several centuries, but also has great visual appeal.[citation needed] Samara's riverfront is one of the main recreation sites for both local citizens and tourists.[citation needed]

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