Samizdat

Samizdat (Russian: самиздат, lit.'self-publishing') was a form of dissident activity across the socialist Eastern Bloc in which individuals reproduced censored and underground makeshift publications, often by hand, and passed the documents from reader to reader. The practice of manual reproduction was widespread, due to the fact that most typewriters and printing devices required official registration and permission to access. This grassroots practice to evade official Soviet censorship was fraught with danger, as harsh punishments were meted out to people caught possessing or copying censored materials.

Samizdat
Russian samizdat and photo negatives of unofficial literature
Russianсамиздат
Romanizationsamizdat
Literal meaningself-publishing