# Sampling (signal processing)

In signal processing, **sampling** is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal. A common example is the conversion of a sound wave to a sequence of "samples".
A **sample** is a value of the signal at a point in time and/or space; this definition differs from the usage in statistics, which refers to a set of such values.[upper-alpha 1]

A **sampler** is a subsystem or operation that extracts samples from a continuous signal. A theoretical **ideal sampler** produces samples equivalent to the instantaneous value of the continuous signal at the desired points.

The original signal can be reconstructed from a sequence of samples, up to the Nyquist limit, by passing the sequence of samples through a type of low-pass filter called a reconstruction filter.