Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (/ˈklərɪ/;[1] 21 October 1772  25 July 1834) was an English poet, literary critic, philosopher and theologian who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets. He also shared volumes and collaborated with Charles Lamb, Robert Southey, and Charles Lloyd. He wrote the poems The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan, as well as the major prose work Biographia Literaria. His critical work, especially on William Shakespeare, was highly influential, and he helped introduce German idealist philosophy to English-speaking culture. Coleridge coined many familiar words and phrases, including "suspension of disbelief".[2] He had a major influence on Ralph Waldo Emerson and American transcendentalism.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Coleridge in 1795
Born(1772-10-21)21 October 1772
Ottery St Mary, Devon, Great Britain
Died25 July 1834(1834-07-25) (aged 61)
Highgate, Middlesex, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Occupation
  • Poet
  • critic
  • philosopher
Alma materJesus College, Cambridge
Literary movementRomanticism
Notable worksThe Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Kubla Khan, Christabel, Conversation poems, Biographia Literaria
SpouseSara Fricker
ChildrenHartley Coleridge
Berkeley Coleridge
Sara Coleridge
Derwent Coleridge
Signature

Throughout his adult life, Coleridge had crippling bouts of anxiety and depression; it has been speculated that he had bipolar disorder, which had not been defined during his lifetime.[3] He was physically unhealthy, which may have stemmed from a bout of rheumatic fever and other childhood illnesses. He was treated for these conditions with laudanum, which fostered a lifelong opium addiction.