San Marino Calcio
|Full name||San Marino Calcio Srl|
|Nickname(s)||Titani (The Titans)|
Serravalle, San Marino
|2017–18||Serie D/F, 7th|
From the historical point of view, the highest level reached by the club is the third national series, in which the best result is a tenth place. This makes it therefore the only San Marino football team to have played in a professional league (as the national tournament of San Marino is in fact amateur).
On 4 July 2019 the sports title of the San Marino Calcio is transferred to the Cattolica Calcio, which takes the name of "Cattolica Calcio San Marino" and which is admitted to the Serie D championship. The company retains its legal and administrative headquarters in the Republic of San Marino, but sporting activity takes place in Cattolica and the colors become yellow and red.
The club was founded in 1960 as S.S. Serenissima (Società Sportiva Serenissima). Serenissima merged with S.S. Juvenes in 1973, changing its name to A.C. San Marino (Associazione Calcio San Marino) and in 1988–89 to its final name, San Marino Calcio. The club last played in Serie D. San Marino Calcio was dissolved in July 2019, being replaced with a new club, Cattolica S.M. Calcio.
The club was founded as Società Sportiva Serenissima in 1960 by the San Marino Football Federation, in order to have a team representing the Republic of San Marino in the Italian league. The club was later purchased by Sammarinese and Italian entrepreneurs.
The foundation year is still disputed, mainly due to another team sponsored (but not owned) by the San Marino Football Federation, called Libertas-Tre Penne, having taken part in the Italian championship in 1959. The crest of Tre Penne is still visible on that of San Marino Calcio. Serenissima also inherited Libertas-Tre Penne's colors.
San Marino Calcio is the only professional football team in the Republic of San Marino that is allowed to play exclusively in the Italian football league system. Since the San Marino Football League is completely amateur, the club is also the only professional team in the Republic. Another team from San Marino, A.C. Juvenes/Dogana, competed in both the amateur levels of Italian football and in the Sammarinese league in the past, but has since withdrawn from the FIGC.
A.C. San Marino began playing in 1960 in the Seconda Categoria, since the Terza Categoria did not exist in the Italian football league system at that time. After being promoted from the Seconda and Prima Categoria, the team began playing in the higher level, the Promozione before being relegated to the Prima Categoria in the 1976–77 season. They continued to play in the Prima Categoria for the next four seasons until they won the championship and were promoted to the Promozione again in the 1979–80 season. A.C. San Marino's stay in the Promozione was short lived, however; within two seasons they were relegated to the Prima Categoria.
The team established themselves as a yo-yo club as they were once again promoted to the Promozione as champions in the 1984–85 season. The team then saw back-to-back championships as they won the Promozione the following season, and were promoted for the first time to the Serie D, the highest amateur league in Italy. San Marino's success continued as they finished in second place in Serie D in the 1986–87 season, a championship they went on to win in the following year. In the 1988–89 season, the team appeared in the lowest level of the Italian professional league (Serie C2) for the first time.
In 1988 A.C. San Marino became a joint stock company and changed its name from A.C. San Marino to San Marino Calcio. The renamed team was relegated to Serie D in the 1989–90 season after finishing second-last in Serie C2. After finishing 17th in the 1991–92 season San Marino Calcio were relegated again, this time to the Eccellenza, but were again promoted to Serie D in the 1992–93 season. In the 1995–96 season San Marino Calcio were relegated to the Eccellenza again after a three-year stay in Serie D, but they were again promoted in the 1996–97 season.
The club's success was due in part to the appointment of the San Marino national football team manager Giampaolo Mazza, who led them to two non-consecutive Eccellenza championships. In the 1999–2000 season San Marino Calcio were promoted to the Serie C2 as champions of Serie D.
San Marino Calcio began the new millennium in the fourth level of Italian professional football, receiving a major boost with the arrival of the legendary San Marino international Andy Selva. Napoli (old Napoli which bankrupted in 2004) also takeover the club as investor in 2000 but re-sold in November 2002. San Marino Calcio consolidated their place in Serie C2 by finishing in the top half of the league standings for the next three seasons. The team was able to reach the 2003–04 play-off final, but was defeated, and remained in Serie C2 after finishing fourth in the league. San Marino Calcio's 2004–05 season was more successful: they were victorious in the play-off final, and thus reached Lega Pro Prima Divisione (formerly Serie C1) for the first time. The team was relegated again to Lega Pro Seconda Divisione during the 2006–07 season.
In December 2006 Werther Cornieti, the chairman of the club, left due to controversial allegations and criticism during a sports broadcast. Daniele De Luigi was later confirmed as the new chairman of San Marino Calcio.
In the season 2011–12 it was promoted from Lega Pro Seconda Divisione to Lega Pro Prima Divisione. The club stayed at that level for three seasons, but got relegated to Serie D after a last place finish in the 2014–15 season.
Colours and badge
The club's home kit consists of a light blue shirt with white and black inserts, black shorts, and black socks. Their away kit consists of a white shirt with dark blue inserts, white shorts, and black socks. San Marino Calcio released a third kit for merchandising, which consists of a red shirt with dark blue inserts, red shorts, and red socks.
The golden frame of their badge contains the team name and the phrase "Titanus aggressurus Olympum", which refers to the Titans in Greek mythology. Pictured in the center of the badge is a Titan. In Italian, the word "Titan" signifies both the race of mythological gods and Monte Titano, the highest point in San Marino. The left-hand circle represents the badge of Tre Penne, one of San Marino Calcio's two founding teams, and the right-hand circle represents the old San Marino Calcio badge.
The Stadio Olimpico is the home of San Marino Calcio in Serravalle and was constructed in 1969. It is also home to the San Marino national football team and, in the past, to the Serravalle-based football club A.C. Juvenes/Dogana. The Stadio Olimpico is an all-seater stadium and has a capacity of 7,000.
- Runners-up 1: 2011–12 (promoted)
- Promoted by Play–offs:
- Champions 1: 1985–86 (it)
- Champions 2: 1979–80, 1984–85
- "San Marino Calcio - Storia". 16 July 2011. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- "Ufficiale: il Cattolica Calcio SM è in serie D. "Muore" la Giovane Cattolica • newsrimini.it". newsrimini.it (in Italian). 5 July 2019. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- www.sanmarinocalcio.it. "Il Cattolica-San Marino Calcio ha depositato la domanda d'iscrizione per la stagione 2019/2020". www.sanmarinocalcio.it (in Italian). Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- "San Marino Calcio history" (in Italian). www.sanmarinocalcio.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
- Emilia Romagna Amateur football yearbook 2007/08 Archived 21 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- SSC Napoli SpA Report and Accounts on 30 June 2002 (in Italian)
- SSC Napoli SpA Report and Accounts on 30 June 2003 (in Italian)
- "Serie C2/B 2003–04 league table" (in Italian). www.sanmarinocalcio.com. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 9 December 2007.
- "Serie C2/B 2004–05 league table" (in Italian). www.sanmarinocalcio.com. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 9 December 2007.
- "Serie C2/B 2006–07 league table". www.soccerway.com. Archived from the original on 24 August 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
- "San Marino Calcio shirts colours" (in Italian). www.sanmarinocalcio.com. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
- "San Marino Calcio's Stadio Olimpico" (in Italian). www.sanmarinocalcio.com. Archived from the original on 5 September 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2007.