Savannah, Georgia

Savannah (/səˈvænə/) is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County. Established in 1733 on the Savannah River, the city of Savannah became the British colonial capital of the Province of Georgia and later the first state capital of Georgia.[4] A strategic port city in the American Revolution and during the American Civil War,[5] Savannah is today an industrial center and an important Atlantic seaport. It is Georgia's fifth-largest city, with a 2020 U.S. Census population of 147,780.[6] The Savannah metropolitan area, Georgia's third-largest, had a 2020 population of 404,798.[7]

Savannah, Georgia
City of Savannah
Clockwise from top: Downtown Savannah viewed from Bay Street, Forsyth Park, historic Gingerbread House in Savannah's Victorian Historic District, Congregation Mickve Israel, and River Street
Nickname(s): 
"The Hostess City of the South"
Location within Chatham County
Savannah, Georgia
Location within Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
Location within the contiguous United States
Coordinates: 32°04′52″N 81°05′28″W
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyChatham
EstablishedFebruary 12, 1733; 288 years ago (1733-02-12)
Founded byJames Oglethorpe
Government
  MayorVan R. Johnson (D)
  City ManagerJoseph Melder
Area
  City108.76 sq mi (281.69 km2)
  Land103.91 sq mi (269.13 km2)
  Water4.85 sq mi (12.56 km2)
Elevation
49 ft (15 m)
Population
 (2020)
  City147,780
  Density1,390.28/sq mi (536.79/km2)
  Metro
404,798
  Demonym
Savannahian
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
31401–31499
Area code(s)912
FIPS code13-69000[2]
GNIS feature ID0322590[3]
Websitewww.savannahga.gov
With its distinctive dome in tissue-paper-thin, 23-karat gold leaf, Savannah's City Hall (1906), which stands on Bay Street at the head of Bull Street, is the first building constructed for exclusive use by the municipal government.
Statue of James Oglethorpe in Chippewa Square, completed in 1910 by Daniel Chester French

Each year Savannah attracts millions of visitors to its cobblestone streets, parks, and notable historic buildings. These buildings include the birthplace of Juliette Gordon Low (founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA), the Georgia Historical Society (the oldest continually operating historical society in the South), the Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences (one of the South's first public museums), the First African Baptist Church (one of the oldest African-American Baptist congregations in the United States), Temple Mickve Israel (the third-oldest synagogue in the U.S.), and the Central of Georgia Railway roundhouse complex (the oldest standing antebellum rail facility in the U.S.).[4][8]

Savannah's downtown area, which includes the Savannah Historic District, the Savannah Victorian Historic District, and 22 parklike squares, is one of the largest National Historic Landmark Districts in the United States (designated by the U.S. government in 1966).[4][lower-alpha 1] Downtown Savannah largely retains the original town plan prescribed by founder James Oglethorpe (a design now known as the Oglethorpe Plan).

Savannah was the host city for the sailing competitions during the 1996 Summer Olympics held in Atlanta.