Savoy

Savoy (/səˈvɔɪ/;[2] Arpitan: Savouè [saˈvwɛ]; French: Savoie [savwa] (listen); Italian: Savoia [saˈvɔːja]; Piedmontese: Savòja [saˈvɔja]; German: Savoyen [zaˈvɔʏən]) is a cultural-historical region in the Western Alps.

Savoy
Coat of arms
Anthem: Le Chant des Allobroges
The Song of the Allobroges
CapitalChambéry
Largest cityAnnecy
Common languages
Demonym(s)
  • Savoyard (in common use nowadays)[1]
  • Savoisian (used before annexation)
  • Savoyan (historic; nowadays obsolete)
LegislatureSovereign Senate of Savoy (dissolved in 1860)
Establishment
 Foundation of County
1003
 Promotion to Duchy by Emperor Sigismund
February 19, 1416
June 14, 1860
Area
 Total
10,416 km2 (4,022 sq mi)
Population
 2018 estimate
1,250,423
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code33

Situated on the cultural boundary between Franco-Provençal, Occitan and Piedmontese, the area is now divided by the French-Italian border. It extends from Lake Geneva in the north to the Dauphiné in the south.

Savoy emerged as the feudal County of Savoy ruled by the House of Savoy during the 11th to 14th centuries.[3] The original territory, also known as "ducal Savoy" or "Savoy proper", is largely co-terminous with the modern French Savoie and Haute-Savoie départements, but the historical expansion of Savoyard territories, as the Duchy of Savoy (14161860) included parts of what is now western Italy and southwestern Switzerland. The current border between France and Italy is due to the Plombières Agreement of 1858, which in preparation for the unification of Italy ceded western Savoy to France, while the eastern territories in Piedmont and Liguria were retained by the House of Savoy, which was to become the ruling dynasty of Italy.