Scottish Labour

Scottish Labour (Scottish Gaelic: Pàrtaidh Làbarach na h-Alba, Scots: Scots Labour; officially the Scottish Labour Party) is a social democratic political party in Scotland. It is an autonomous section of the UK Labour Party. From a high of holding 56 of the 129 seats at the first Scottish parliament election in 1999, the Party has declined each election until getting just 22 MSPs elected at the 2021 election. The party currently holds one[7] of 59 Scottish seats in the UK House of Commons.

Scottish Labour
Pàrtaidh Làbarach na h-Alba
LeaderAnas Sarwar
Deputy LeaderJackie Baillie
General SecretaryJames Kelly
Headquarters290 Bath Street
G2 4RE
Student wingScottish Labour Students
Youth wingScottish Young Labour
Membership (2021) 16,467[2]
Political positionCentre-left
National affiliationLabour Party
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
International affiliationProgressive Alliance,
Socialist International (Observer)
Slogan"For A National Recovery Plan - Vote Scottish Labour" (2021)
House of Commons (Scottish seats)
1 / 59
Scottish Parliament[4]
22 / 129
Local government in Scotland[5][6]
249 / 1,227

From the middle of the twentieth century to the early 21st, Labour dominated politics in Scotland; winning the largest share of the vote in Scotland at every UK general election from 1964 to 2010, every European Parliament election from 1984 to 2004 and in the first two elections to the Scottish Parliament in 1999 and 2003. After this, Scottish Labour formed a coalition with the Scottish Liberal Democrats, forming a majority Scottish Executive. More recently, especially since the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, the party has suffered significant decline; losing ground predominantly to the Scottish National Party.

Scottish Labour experienced one of their worst defeats ever at the 2015 general election. Scottish Labour were left with a sole seat in the House of Commons, Edinburgh South, and lost 40 of its 41 seats to the SNP. This was the first time the party had not dominated in Scotland since the Conservative Party landslide in 1959.[8] At the 2016 Scottish Parliament election, the party lost 13 of its 37 seats, becoming the third-largest party after being surpassed by the Scottish Conservatives. At the 2017 general election, Scottish Labour improved their fortunes and gained six seats from the SNP, bringing its total seat tally to seven and winning a 27% share of the vote. This was the first time since the 1918 general election, 99 years previously, that Labour had finished in third place at any general election in Scotland. Overall, the 2017 general election marked the first time in twenty years that the Labour Party had made net gains in the UK at any election. The success was short-lived however, and at the 2019 general election, Labour lost all new seats gained two years earlier, and again were left with Edinburgh South as their only seat in Parliament. Ian Murray has remained as the MP for the constituency since 2010, and is currently one of Scotland's longest-serving MPs. The 2019 general election was Labour's worst result in 84 years, with their lowest share of the vote recorded in Scotland since the December 1910 general election.