Scottish National War Memorial

The Scottish National War Memorial is located in Edinburgh Castle and commemorates Scottish service personnel and civilians, and those serving with Scottish regiments, who died in the two world wars and subsequent conflicts. Its chief architect was Robert Lorimer, commissioned in 1919, and the monument was formally opened in 1927.[1] It is housed in a redeveloped barrack block in Crown Square, at the heart of the castle, and incorporates numerous monuments.

Scottish National War Memorial, rear elevation. The two niche statues are (left to right) 'Charity' and 'Truth'. The relief carving 'The Calling of St Andrew' by Alice Meredith-Williams sits above the centre window.

The entrance and façade of the Scottish National War Memorial. The five niche statues are (left to right) 'Courage', 'Peace', 'Survival of the Spirit' (above the porch), 'Mercy' and 'Justice'.

The Rolls of Honour kept in the memorial include the names of those Scots servicemen and women and Scots civilians that died in all wars after 1914.[2] This includes all Scots who were killed as a result of enemy action or who died as a result of wounds, diseases, or injuries while serving in the British Armed Forces, the Merchant Navy, the armed forces of the Dominions, the women's services, and the nursing services, together with all members of Scottish regiments.[2] The Rolls of Honour include those who died between 4 August 1914 and 31 August 1921 as having died in the First World War and those between 3 September 1939 and 31 December 1947 as having died in the Second World War.[2] Those not serving in the Scottish regiments must either have been born in Scotland or have at least one parent born in the country.[2][1]

The memorial rolls list close to 135,000 casualties of the First World War and over 50,000 of the Second World War.[1] More casualties from later wars are also inscribed, including from the Malayan Emergency, the Korean War (1950–1953), Operation Banner (1969–2007) during The Troubles, the Falklands War (1982), and the Gulf War (1990–1991).[1] Most recently casualties from Iraq and Afghanistan have been added to the Rolls of Honour.

The steel casket containing the original Rolls of Honour with over 147,000 names, installed at the opening ceremony in 1927. It was a gift from the King and Queen
Sentry in a sentry box and the heraldic lion from the royal arms with its Union Jack shield by Phyllis Bone

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