Second Czechoslovak Republic

The Second Czechoslovak Republic (Czech: Druhá československá republika, Slovak: Druhá česko-slovenská republika) existed for 169 days, between 30 September 1938 and 15 March 1939. It was composed of Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and the autonomous regions of Slovakia and Subcarpathian Rus', the latter being renamed Carpathian Ukraine on 30 December 1938.[1]

Czecho-Slovak Republic
Česko-Slovenská republika
Motto: Pravda vítězí / Pravda víťazí
"Truth prevails"
"Nad Tatrou sa blýska"
(English: "Lightning Over the Tatras")
Czechoslovak Republic at the beginning of 1939
StatusRump state
Common languagesCzechoslovak
GovernmentAuthoritarian parliamentary republic
Emil Hácha
Prime Minister 
Jan Syrový
Rudolf Beran
LegislatureNational Assembly
Chamber of Deputies
Historical eraInterwar period
30 September 1938
15 March 1939
193999,348 km2 (38,358 sq mi)
CurrencyCzechoslovak koruna
Preceded by
Succeeded by
First Czechoslovak Republic
Bohemia & Moravia
Today part ofCzech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine

The Second Republic was the result of the events following the Munich Agreement, where Czechoslovakia was forced to cede the German-populated Sudetenland region to Germany on 1 October 1938. After the Munich Agreement and the German government made clear to foreign diplomats that Czechoslovakia was now a German client state, the Czechoslovak government attempted to curry favour with Germany by banning the country's Communist Party, suspending all Jewish teachers in German educational institutes in Czechoslovakia, and enacted a law to allow the state to take over Jewish companies.[2] In addition, the government allowed the country's banks to effectively come under German–Czechoslovak control.[2] On 2 November, by the First Vienna Award, the southern parts of Slovakia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia were ceded to Hungary.

The Second Republic was dissolved when Germany invaded it on 15 March 1939, and annexed the Czech region into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. On the same day as the German occupation, the President of Czechoslovakia, Emil Hácha was appointed by the German government as the State President of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia which he held throughout the war.