Secret Intelligence Service
The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6, is the foreign intelligence service of the United Kingdom, tasked mainly with the covert overseas collection and analysis of human intelligence (HUMINT) in support of the UK's national security. SIS is a member of the country's intelligence community and its Chief ("C") is directly accountable to the Foreign Secretary.
|Formed||4 July 1909|
|Type||Foreign intelligence service|
|Jurisdiction||Her Majesty's Government|
|Motto||Semper Occultus (Always Secret)|
|Employees||2,594 (31 March 2016)|
|Annual budget||Single Intelligence Account (£3.02 billion in 2017–2018 financial year)|
Formed in 1909 as the foreign section of the Secret Service Bureau, the section experienced dramatic growth during the First World War and officially adopted its current name around 1920. The name "MI6" (meaning Military Intelligence, Section 6) originated as a flag of convenience during the Second World War, when SIS was known by many names. It is still commonly used today. The existence of SIS was not officially acknowledged until 1994. That year the Intelligence Services Act 1994 (ISA) was introduced to Parliament, to place the organisation on a statutory footing for the first time. It provides the legal basis for its operations. Today, SIS is subject to public oversight by the Investigatory Powers Tribunal and the Parliamentary Intelligence and Security Committee.
The stated priority roles of SIS are counter-terrorism, counter-proliferation, providing intelligence in support of cyber security, and supporting stability overseas to disrupt terrorism and other criminal activities. Unlike its main sister agencies, the Security Service (MI5) and Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), SIS works exclusively in foreign intelligence gathering; the ISA allows it to carry out operations only against persons outside the British Islands. Some of SIS's actions since the 2000s have attracted significant controversy, such as its alleged complicity in acts of torture and extraordinary rendition.