Sedgefield (UK Parliament constituency)
Sedgefield is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. From 1983 to 2007, the constituency was represented by Tony Blair, who became Leader of the Labour Party in 1994, and later as Prime Minister in 1997. Blair resigned as Prime Minister, Leader of the Labour Party, and as the MP for Sedgefield in 2007, triggering a by-election which was retained for the Labour Party by Phil Wilson. In the 2019 general election, the Conservatives took the seat from Labour, ending Labour's continuous hold on the seat since 1983 (and in its previous incarnation since 1935). Paul Howell became the new MP with a majority of 4,513.
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||67,386 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Sedgefield, Newton Aycliffe, Ferryhill|
|Member of Parliament||Paul Howell (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Durham, Durham North West, Easington and Bishop Auckland|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Bishop Auckland,|
|Created from||South East Durham, The Hartlepools and Mid Durham|
Upon its abolition for the February 1974 general election, the constituency included: The urban district of Billingham, the rural districts of Darlington and Sedgefield, and the rural district of Stockton (excluding Norton, Elton, Preston-on-Tees, Dalton Piercy, Greatham and Seaton).
1983–1997: The District of Sedgefield wards of Bishop Middleham, Broom, Chilton, Cornforth, Ferryhill, Fishburn, Low Spennymoor and Tudhoe Grange, Middlestone, New Trimdon and Trimdon Grange, Old Trimdon, Sedgefield, Spennymoor, and Tudhoe, the District of Easington wards of Deaf Hill, Hutton Henry, Thornley, Wheatley Hill, and Wingate, and the Borough of Darlington wards of Heighington, Hurworth, Middleton St George, Sadberge, and Whessoe.
1997–2010: The District of Sedgefield wards of Bishop Middleham, Broom, Chilton, Cornforth, Ferryhill, Fishburn, Middridge, Neville, New Trimdon and Trimdon Grange, Old Trimdon, Sedgefield, Shafto, Simpasture, West, and Woodham, the District of Easington wards of Deaf Hill, Hutton Henry, Thornley, Wheatley Hill, and Wingate, and the Borough of Darlington wards of Heighington, Hurworth, Middleton St George, Sadberge, and Whessoe.
2010–2015: The Borough of Sedgefield wards of Bishop Middleham and Cornforth, Broom, Chilton, Ferryhill, Fishburn and Old Trimdon, Greenfield Middridge, Neville and Simpasture, New Trimdon and Trimdon Grange, Sedgefield, Shafto St Mary's, West, and Woodham, the District of Easington wards of Thornley and Wheatley Hill, and Wingate, and the Borough of Darlington wards of Heighington and Coniscliffe, Hurworth, Middleton St George, Sadberge, and Whessoe.
2015–present: The Borough of Sedgefield wards of Bishop Middleham and Cornforth, Broom, Chilton, Ferryhill, Fishburn and Old Trimdon, Greenfield Middridge, Neville and Simpasture, New Trimdon and Trimdon Grange, Sedgefield, Shafto St Mary's, West, and Woodham, the District of Easington wards of Thornley and Wheatley Hill, and Wingate, and the Borough of Darlington wards of Heighington and Coniscliffe, Hurworth, and Sadberge and Middleton St George.
Proposed constituency changes
Under proposed constituency changes announced as part of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies in September 2016, the constituency would have been abolished. The majority of the area of the current constituency was proposed to be included in a new "East Durham" constituency, including Newton Aycliffe, Chilton, Sedgefield, Trimdon and Wheatley Hill. The major differences between the current Sedgefield constituency and the proposed East Durham are: (1) the loss of most of the south of the constituency around Darlington to an extended Darlington constituency covering the entire Borough of Darlington (2) the loss of Ferryhill in the west of the constituency to an altered Bishop Auckland constituency (3) the gain of the area around Coxhoe from the current City of Durham constituency (4) the gain of an area containing Haswell, Shotton Colliery, Castle Eden and Blackhall Colliery from the current Easington constituency (5) the gain of an area around Hart village from the current Hartlepool constituency.
The 2023 Boundary Review Initial Proposals recommended that all the wards in the borough of Darlington should be removed from the seat, with Shildon moving in from Bishop Auckland and Coxhoe from the City of Durham Seat. This seat would be renamed ‘Newton Aycliffe and Sedgefield’, and, if it had been contested in 2019, would have returned a Labour MP with a majority of 528.
Sedgefield was recreated in 1983. From 1983 until 27 June 2007, the Member of Parliament was Tony Blair; who led a successful campaign for his party to win the 1997 general election in a landslide and thereafter served for ten years as the Prime Minister, leading the campaigns at two subsequent general elections. Blair was the first Prime Minister to lead the Labour Party to three consecutive victories. He resigned as the Member of Parliament for Sedgefield on the same day as he resigned as Prime Minister, which triggered a by-election.
At the by-election on 19 July 2007, the official Labour Party candidate Phil Wilson was elected on a reduced majority which in national terms is safe instead of marginal. While Wilson has never came close to the enormous majorities held by Blair during his tenure as MP and only secured an absolute majority of the vote for the first time at the 2017 general election, he has consistently held majorities of over 6,000 votes at every election he has stood at.
At the 2019 election, the Conservatives' candidate Paul Howell defeated Wilson with a majority of 4,513 and a swing of 12.8%. Sedgefield was one of the 48 seats net won in England by the Conservatives as well as being considered part of the so-called red wall.
Sedgefield has a long mining history (extracting coal, fluorspar and iron ore) and very strong affiliation to the Labour Party, with nearly monolithic support in parts of the constituency. The area contains a mixture of former coal country in the area around Trimdon and more industrial areas around the new town of Newton Aycliffe. The construction of a new Hitachi factory created 730 jobs in the town. There are also more prosperous parts of the constituency that form the bulk of the Conservative vote - for example, the ancient market town of Sedgefield itself, with a charter dating back to 1312. The outer suburbs of Darlington are also relatively wealthy, such as Hurworth-on-Tees, where unemployment stands at just 1.0%.
- In statistics
The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of two local government districts with similar characteristics: a working population whose average income is lower than the national average and close to average reliance upon social housing. At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 5.0% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 5.5%.
The local authority contributing to the bulk of the seat has a middling 27.2% of its population without a car, a high 27.5% of the population without qualifications and a medium 21.5% with level 4 qualifications or above. Darlington has 28% of its population without a car, 24.8% of the population without qualifications and a medium 23.7% with level 4 qualifications or above
Members of Parliament
|1918||Rowland Burdon||Coalition Conservative|
|February 1974||constituency abolished|
MPs since 1983
|2007 by-election||Phil Wilson||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Brexit Party||David Bull||3,518||8.5||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Dawn Welsh||1,955||4.7||2.8|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||12.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Psallidas||797||1.9||1.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Glenn||1,370||3.5||−16.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Alan Thompson||8,033||20.0||+8.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Gregory Stone||5,572||19.9||+8.0|
|English Democrat||Stephen Gash||177||0.6||New|
|Christian Vote||Tim Grainger||177||0.6||New|
|Monster Raving Loony||Alan Hope||129||0.5||+0.1|
|Anti Crime||Norman Scarth||34||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Robert Woodthorpe Browne||4,935||11.9||+2.9|
|National Front||Mark Farrell||253||0.6||New|
|Monster Raving Loony||Melodie Staniforth||157||0.4||New|
|Blair Must Go Party||Jonathan Cockburn||103||0.2||New|
|Senior Citizens||Terence Pattinson||97||0.2||New|
|UK Pensioners Party||Cherri Gilham||82||0.2||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Andrew Duffield||3,624||9.0||+2.5|
|Socialist Labour||Brian Gibson||518||1.3||+0.3|
|Rock 'n' Roll Loony||Christopher Driver||375||0.9||New|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Ronald Beadle||3,050||6.5||−4.1|
|Socialist Labour||Brian Gibson||474||1.0||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Gary Huntington||4,982||10.6||−5.5|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||Arthur Albert Beck||24,036||39.5||+4.1|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Cyril Frank Thring||18,620||35.4||-4.1|
|Conservative||Cyril Frank Thring||20,931||39.3||-2.2|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Dudley Fitz Mowbray Appleby||21,771||41.5||+1.2|
|Conservative||Dudley Fitz Mowbray Appleby||18,368||40.3||+2.6|
|Conservative||Eric H Harrison||17,095||37.7||+0.2|
Elections in the 1940s
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+11.1|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+12.9|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+6.8|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||+1.6|
|Liberal||Charles Henry Brown||3,561||15.9||-5.2|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+4.2|
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Sedgefield', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Statutory Instrument 1970 No. 1674 The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (Coming into force 25 November 1970)
- "(36) Proposed East Durham seat". Initial proposals for new Parliamentary constituency boundaries in the North East (Report). Boundary Commission for England. September 2016. p. 14.
- Blair resigns as prime minister, BBC News, 27 June 2007
- "Hitachi's £82m train factory opens". September 3, 2015 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Tees Valley Ward Statistics".
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "2011 census interactive maps". Archived from the original on January 29, 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 2)
- "Sedgefield parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
- "Sedgefield constituency General Election 2017 - parties, candidates and the history of the seat". BBC News. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Sedgefield". BBC News. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Sedgefield". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig (1983). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench