Seleucus VII Philometor

Seleucus VII Philometor (Greek: Φιλομήτωρ) or Kybiosactes (Greek: Κυβιοσάκτης), was a ruler of the Seleucid kingdom based in Syria.

Seleucus VII Philometor
Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes
King of the Seleucid Empire
(King of Syria)
Reign83–69 BC (in opposition to Tigranes I of Armenia)
PredecessorPhilip I Philadelphus
SuccessorAntiochus XIII Asiaticus
Co-rulersCleopatra Selene (mother), possibly Antiochus XIII Asiaticus (younger brother)
King of Egypt
ReignCirca 58 BC (as co-regent)
PredecessorBerenice IV
SuccessorBerenice IV
Co-regentBerenice IV
DiedCirca 58 BC (exact date unknown)
Likely Egypt
SpouseBerenice IV (possibly)
FatherAntiochus X Eusebes
MotherCleopatra Selene


King of Syria

The last members of the once mighty Seleucid dynasty are shadowy figures; local dynasts with complicated family ties whose identities are hard to ascertain: many of them also bore the same names. Seleucus was unknown until recently. From coins issued by him and his mother, Ptolemaic princess Cleopatra Selene, it is presumed that he was her son by king Antiochus X Eusebes, and a brother of later king Antiochus XIII Asiaticus. He appears to have "reigned" during the occupation of Syria by Armenian king Tigranes (83-69 BC). In reality, only a few cities were loyal to the Seleucids during this period.

Some time after Tigranes had conquered Syria (83 BC), his mother travelled to Rome to have her sons recognized as kings of Egypt, but to no avail. They were there between at least 75 BC and 73 BC; recognized as "Kings of Syria", and "maintained a royal state".[1]

Co-regent of Egypt

The young boy-king is probably the same Seleucus who later went to marry a Ptolemaic princess called Berenice IV on an unknown date (a sister of the famous Cleopatra VII of Egypt) to become co-regent of Egypt.[2] but allegedly was murdered by the discontented bride for his lack of manners. He bore the derogatory name Kybiosaktes, the term for the foul-smelling work of cutting tuna fish.

See also


  • Heinen, Heinz (1968). "Séleucos Cybiosactés et le Probléme De Son Identité". In Cerfaux, Lucien; et al. (eds.). Antidorum W. Peremans Sexagenario Ab Alumnis Oblatum. Studia Hellenistica (in French). 16. Publications universitaire de Louvain. OCLC 876029154.
  1. E.R. Bevan, The House of Seleucus, London, 1902, p. 263.
Seleucus VII Philometor
Born: Unknown Died: Unknown
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Seleucid King (King of Syria)
83 BC–69 BC
with Cleopatra Selene I (83 BC–69 BC)
Succeeded by
Antiochus XIII Asiaticus