Serge Gainsbourg

Serge Gainsbourg (French: [sɛʁʒ ɡɛ̃zbuʁ] (listen); born Lucien Ginsburg;[4] 2 April 1928 – 2 March 1991)[1] was a French musician, singer-songwriter, author, filmmaker and actor.[5] Regarded as the most important figure in French pop whilst alive, he was renowned for often provocative and scandalous releases which caused uproar in France, dividing its public opinion,[1][6] as well as his diverse artistic output, which ranged from his early work in jazz, chanson, and yé-yé to later efforts in rock, funk, reggae, and electronica.[7] Gainsbourg's varied musical style and individuality make him difficult to categorize, although his legacy has been firmly established and he is often regarded as one of the world's most influential popular musicians.[8]

Serge Gainsbourg
Gainsbourg in 1981
Born
Lucien Ginsburg

(1928-04-02)2 April 1928
Died2 March 1991(1991-03-02) (aged 62)
Paris, France
Other names
  • Julien Grix
  • Gainsbarre
Occupation
  • Music artist
  • songwriter
  • pianist
  • poet
  • painter
  • screenwriter
  • writer
  • actor
  • director
Years active1957–1991
Spouse(s)
    Elisabeth "Lize" Levitsky
    (m. 1951; div. 1957)
      Béatrice Pancrazzi
      (m. 1964; div. 1966)
      Partner(s)
      Children4, including Charlotte
      Musical career
      Genres
      Instruments
      • Vocals
      • piano
      • guitar
      Labels (Universal Music Group)
      Associated actsBrigitte Bardot
      Charlotte Gainsbourg
      France Gall
      Alain Goraguer
      WebsiteOfficial website from Universalmusic

      His lyrical works incorporated wordplay, with humorous, bizarre, provocative, sexual, satirical or subversive overtones, including sophisticated rhymes, mondegreen, onomatopoeia, spoonerism, dysphemism, paraprosdokian, and pun. Gainsbourg wrote over 550 songs,[9][10] which have been covered more than 1,000 times by a range of artists.[11] Since his death from a second heart attack in 1991, Gainsbourg's music has reached legendary stature in France, and he is regarded as one of France's greatest ever musicians[citation needed] and one of the country's most popular and endeared public figures.[12] He has also gained a cult following in the English-speaking world with chart success in the United Kingdom and the United States with "Je t'aime... moi non plus" and "Bonnie and Clyde", respectively.