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Baranyk was born in Uhniv, Austrian Galicia (today Western Ukraine). He entered the monastery of the Order of St Basil the Great in Krekhiv in 1904. On May 16th he took his first monastic vows and then on 24 September 1910 he took his perpetual vows. He was ordained to the priesthood on 14 February 1915. Baranyk was known for his preaching, and his life was noted for his special kindness to youth and orphans. In 1932 he was made the prior (hegumen) of the Basilian monastery in Drohobych.
On 26 June 1941 the NKVD (KGB) arrested him. He was taken to Drohobych prison and never seen alive again. After the Soviets withdrew from the city his mutilated body was found in the prison with signs of torture, including cross shaped knife slashes across his chest.
Yasyf Lastoviak, in a testimony, recounted finding Stefan Baranyk's corpse. "Behind the prison I saw a big hole which has been covered up, filled with sand. when the Bolsheviks retreated, the Germans came and people rushed to the prison to find their relatives. The Germans allowed people into the area of the prison in small groups to claim their murdered relatives, but most people stood by the gates, so I went to the side and climbed a tree. there was a terrible stink... I saw how the Germans sent people to uncover the hole which was filled with sand. The hole was new because the people uncovered it with their hands. They dragged out the murdered bodies. there was little covering near the hole, and under it I saw the body of Father Severian Baranyk. Basilian, with visible marks of his prison tortures; his body had unnaturally swelled black, his face terrible. Dad later said that on his chest the sign of the cross had been slashed."
- Biographies of twenty five Greek-Catholic Servants of God at the website of the Vatican
- Beatification of the Servants of God on June 27, 2001 at the website of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
- Basilian Martyrs and Confessors. St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic Church, Winnipeg Canada.
- Francisco Radecki. Tumultuous Times: The Twenty General Councils of the Catholic Church and Vatican II and Its Aftermath. St. Joseph's Media, 2004.