Sexi (Phoenician colony)

Sexi (Punic: 𐤑‬𐤊‬𐤑‬, ṢKṢ),[1] also known as Ex,[2] was a Phoenician colony at the present-day site of Almuñécar on southeastern Spain's Mediterranean coast.

Basins of a garum factory (Firmun Lulium Sexi).
Location in the Province of Granada
Location in Andalusia
Location in Spain
LocationAlmuñécar, Spain
Coordinates36°44′N 3°41′W
Part ofPhoenician colonies
Founded3rd century BC
Abandoned2nd century BC

The Roman name for the place was Sexi Firmum Iulium. Alternative transcriptions of the Phoenician name of the city in Latin include Secks, Seks, Sex, Eks, Seksi and Sexsi.[3]


The ancient Phoenician settlement, whose earliest phases are unclear, was located southwest of the Solorius Mons (the modern Sierra Nevada mountain range). From the 3rd-2nd centuries BC it issued a sizable corpus of coinage, with many coins depicting the Phoenico-Punic god Melqart on the obverse and one or two fish on the reverse, possibly alluding to the abundance of the sea and also a principal product of the area.[4] The Barrington atlas of the ancient world equates ancient Sexi with modern Almuñécar.[5]



  1. Huss (1985), p. 560.
  2. Aubet, María Eugenia (2005). Osborne, Robin; Cunliffe, Barry (eds.). Mediterranean Urbanization 800-600 BC. Oxford, UK: OUP. p. 194. ISBN 9780197263259.
  3. Ruiz Fernández, Antonio (1979). Almuñécar: en la antigüedad fenicia o 'Ex en el Ambito de Tartessos (in Spanish). Granada, Spain: Excma. Diputación Provincial, Instituto Provincial de Estudios y Promoción Cultural. p. 43. ISBN 9788450031171.
  4. Meadow, A.; Purefoy, P. (2002). SNG BM Spain-British Museum 2: Spain; London, The British Museum Press. No.'s 404-425.
  5. Richard J. A. Talbert et al (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World Princeton University Press. Map 27, B5.