Shaoxing ([ʂâuɕíŋ] (listen); Chinese: 绍兴) is a prefecture-level city on the southern shore of Hangzhou Bay in northeastern Zhejiang province, China. It was formerly known as Kuaiji and Shanyin and abbreviated in Chinese as 越 (Yuè) from the area's former inhabitants. Located on the south bank of the Qiantang River estuary, it borders Ningbo to the east, Taizhou to the southeast, Jinhua to the southwest, and Hangzhou to the west. As of 2010, its population was 4,912,339 inhabitants. Among which, 1,914,683 (Keqiao and Yuecheng districts) lived in the built-up metropolitan area of Hangzhou-Shaoxing, with a total of 8,156,154 inhabitants.
|Coordinates (Shaoxing Theatre):|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Yuecheng District|
|• Mayor||Yu Zhihong (俞志宏)|
|• Total||8,279.1 km2 (3,196.6 sq mi)|
|• Density||590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-ZJ-06|
|GDP 2015||¥446.6 billion|
|GDP per capita 2015||¥100,811|
|License Plate Prefix||浙D|
|Literal meaning||(An era of the Song dynasty)|
Notable residents of Shaoxing include Wang Xizhi, the parents of Zhou Enlai, Lu Xun, and Cai Yuanpei. It is also noted for Shaoxing wine, meigan cai, and stinky tofu, and was featured on A Bite of China. Its local variety of Chinese opera sung in the local dialect and known as Yue opera is second in popularity only to Peking opera. In 2010, Shaoxing celebrated the 2,500th anniversary of the founding of the city.
Economically, the city is driven by manufacturing of textiles, electronics, and energy-efficient lighting. Zhejiang has the fifth highest per capita GDP in the nation, with the city itself at 32nd nationally by GDP per capita.