Shaoxing

Shaoxing ([ʂâuɕíŋ] (listen); Chinese: 绍兴) is a prefecture-level city on the southern shore of Hangzhou Bay in northeastern Zhejiang province, China. It was formerly known as Kuaiji and Shanyin and abbreviated in Chinese as (Yuè) from the area's former inhabitants. Located on the south bank of the Qiantang River estuary, it borders Ningbo to the east, Taizhou to the southeast, Jinhua to the southwest, and Hangzhou to the west. As of 2010, its population was 4,912,339 inhabitants. Among which, 1,914,683 (Keqiao and Yuecheng districts) lived in the built-up metropolitan area of Hangzhou-Shaoxing, with a total of 8,156,154 inhabitants.

Shaoxing
绍兴市
Shaohsing
Location of Shaoxing City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
Coordinates (Shaoxing Theatre): 30°00′06″N 120°34′45″E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceZhejiang
County-level divisions6
Municipal seatYuecheng District
Government
  MayorYu Zhihong (俞志宏)
Area
  Total8,279.1 km2 (3,196.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census)
  Total4,912,239
  Density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)0575
ISO 3166 codeCN-ZJ-06
GDP 2015¥446.6 billion
GDP per capita 2015¥100,811
License Plate Prefix浙D
Websitewww.sx.gov.cn
Shaoxing
"Shaoxing" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese绍兴
Traditional Chinese紹興
PostalShaohing
Literal meaning(An era of the Song dynasty)
Kuaiji
Simplified Chinese会稽
Traditional Chinese會稽
PostalKwaiki
Shanyin
Simplified Chinese山阴
Traditional Chinese山陰
PostalShanyin

Notable residents of Shaoxing include Wang Xizhi, the parents of Zhou Enlai, Lu Xun, and Cai Yuanpei. It is also noted for Shaoxing wine, meigan cai, and stinky tofu, and was featured on A Bite of China. Its local variety of Chinese opera sung in the local dialect and known as Yue opera is second in popularity only to Peking opera. In 2010, Shaoxing celebrated the 2,500th anniversary of the founding of the city.

Economically, the city is driven by manufacturing of textiles, electronics, and energy-efficient lighting. Zhejiang has the fifth highest per capita GDP in the nation, with the city itself at 32nd nationally by GDP per capita.