Sherbrooke

Sherbrooke (/ˈʃɜːrbrʊk/; French pronunciation: [ʃɛʁbʁuk]; Quebec French pronunciation [ʃɛʁbʁʊk]) is a city in southern Quebec, Canada. Sherbrooke is situated at the confluence of the Saint-François (St. Francis) and Magog rivers in the heart of the Estrie administrative region.[7] Sherbrooke is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke. With 161,323 residents at the 2016 census,[3] It is the sixth largest city in the province and the thirtieth largest in Canada. The Sherbrooke Census Metropolitan Area had 212,105 inhabitants,[8] making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Quebec and nineteenth largest in Canada.

Sherbrooke
Ville de Sherbrooke
Nickname(s): 
Queen of the Eastern Townships
Motto(s): 
Sherbrooke
Location of Sherbrooke in Quebec
Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke (Quebec)
Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke (Canada)
Coordinates: 45°24′N 71°54′W[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionEstrie
RCMNone
Settled1793
Constituted1 January 2002
Boroughs
Government
  TypeSherbrooke City Council
  MayorSteve Lussier
  Federal ridingCompton—Stanstead / Sherbrooke
  Prov. ridingRichmond / Saint-François / Sherbrooke
Area
  City367.10 km2 (141.74 sq mi)
  Land353.49 km2 (136.48 sq mi)
  Urban96.34 km2 (37.20 sq mi)
  Metro1,459.61 km2 (563.56 sq mi)
Highest elevation
378 m (1,240 ft)
Lowest elevation
128 m (420 ft)
Population
 (2016)
  City161,323
  Density456.0/km2 (1,181/sq mi)
  Urban
139,565
  Urban density1,448/km2 (3,750/sq mi)
  Metro
212,105(19th)
  Metro density145.3/km2 (376/sq mi)
  Pop 2011–2016
4.3%
  Dwellings
73,506
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Highways
A-10
A-55
A-410
A-610

Route 112
Route 108
Route 143
Route 216
Route 220
Route 222
Telephone Exchanges-212 239 340 345-9 432 434 437 446 542 560 -6 569 570 - 4 575 577
NTS Map21E5 Sherbrooke
GNBC CodeEIDHN
GDP (Sherbrooke CMA)CA$8.0 billion (2016)[6]
GDP per capita (Sherbrooke CMA)CA$37,797 (2016)
Websitewww.sherbrooke.ca

Originally known as Hyatt's Mill, it was renamed after Sir John Coape Sherbrooke (1764–1840), a British general who was Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (1812–1816), and Governor General of British North America (1816–1818); the family is named after Shirebrook, Derbyshire.[9]

Sherbrooke is the primary economic, political, cultural and institutional centre of Estrie, and was known as the Queen of the Eastern Townships at the beginning of the 20th century.

There are eight institutions educating 40,000 students and employing 11,000 people, 3,700 of whom are professors, teachers and researchers.[10] The direct economic impact of these institutions exceeds 1 billion dollars.[10] The proportion of university students is 10.32 students per 100 inhabitants. In proportion to its population, Sherbrooke has the largest concentration of students in Quebec.[11]

Since the nineteenth century, Sherbrooke has been a manufacturing centre. This segment of the economy has experienced a considerable transformation in recent decades as a result of the decline of the city's traditional manufacturing sectors.[clarification needed] The service sector occupies a prominent place in the city's economy, alongside a growing knowledge-based economy.[12]

The Sherbrooke region is surrounded by mountains, rivers and lakes. There are several ski hills nearby and various tourist attractions in regional flavour. Mont-Bellevue Park, a large park in the city, is used for downhill skiing.