Sicilian language

Sicilian (Sicilian: sicilianu, pronounced [sɪʃɪˈljaːnʊ]; Italian: siciliano) is a Romance language that is spoken on the island of Sicily and its satellite islands.[4] A variant, Calabro-Sicilian, is spoken in southern Calabria, where it is called Southern Calabro.[4][5] specifically in the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria,[6][7] Dialects of central and southern Calabria, the southern parts of Apulia (Salentino dialect) and southern Salerno in Campania (Cilentano dialect), on the Italian peninsula, are viewed by some linguists as forming with Sicilian dialects a broader Far Southern Italian language group (in Italian italiano meridionale estremo).[8]

Sicilian
sicilianu
Native toItaly
RegionSicily
Calabria (parts)
Apulia (Salento)
Campania (Cilento)
EthnicitySicilians, Italians
Native speakers
4.7 million (2002)[1]
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Sicily (limited recognition)[2]
Calabria (limited recognition)[3]
Language codes
ISO 639-2scn
ISO 639-3scn
Glottologsici1248
Linguasphere51-AAA-re & -rf (mainland 51-AAA-rc & -rd)
Sicilian as part of the centro-southern Italian languages
  Tuscan
  Middle Italian
  Intermediate Southern Italian
  Extreme Southern Italian (Includes Sicilian)

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A Sicilian speaker, recorded in Sicily.

Ethnologue (see below for more detail) describes Sicilian as being "distinct enough from Standard Italian to be considered a separate language",[4] and it is recognized as a minority language by UNESCO.[9][10][11][12] It has been referred to as a language by the Sicilian Region.[2] It has the oldest literary tradition of the modern Italian languages.[13][14] A version of the "UNESCO Courier" is also available in Sicilian.