Sicilian (Sicilian: sicilianu, pronounced [sɪʃɪˈljaːnʊ]; Italian: siciliano) is a Romance language that is spoken on the island of Sicily and its satellite islands. A variant, Calabro-Sicilian, is spoken in southern Calabria, where it is called Southern Calabro. specifically in the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria, Dialects of central and southern Calabria, the southern parts of Apulia (Salentino dialect) and southern Salerno in Campania (Cilentano dialect), on the Italian peninsula, are viewed by some linguists as forming with Sicilian dialects a broader Far Southern Italian language group (in Italian italiano meridionale estremo).
|4.7 million (2002)|
Sicilian as part of the centro-southern Italian languages
Intermediate Southern Italian
Extreme Southern Italian (Includes Sicilian)
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Ethnologue (see below for more detail) describes Sicilian as being "distinct enough from Standard Italian to be considered a separate language", and it is recognized as a minority language by UNESCO. It has been referred to as a language by the Sicilian Region. It has the oldest literary tradition of the modern Italian languages. A version of the "UNESCO Courier" is also available in Sicilian.