Sierra Morena

The Sierra Morena is one of the main systems of mountain ranges in Spain. It stretches for 450 kilometres from east to west across the south of the Iberian Peninsula, forming the southern border of the Meseta Central plateau and providing the watershed between the valleys of the Guadiana to the north and the west, and the Guadalquivir to the south.

Sierra Morena
View of the Sierra Morena range in the Despeñaperros area
Highest point
Elevation1,332 m (4,370 ft)
Coordinates38°22′N 3°50′W
Length450 km (280 mi) E/W
Width75 km (47 mi) N/S
Location of the Sierra Morena
LocationProvinces of Badajoz, (Extremadura), Ciudad Real, (Castile-La Mancha) and Córdoba, Jaén, Sevilla and Huelva (Andalusia)
Range coordinates38°22′N 3°50′W
OrogenyVariscan orogeny
Southern side of the Sierra Vieja subrange in Feria, Badajoz.

Its highest summit is 1,332 m high Bañuela.[1] Other notable peaks are Corral de Borros 1,312 m and Cerro de la Estrella 1,298 m.

The name Sierra Morena has a strong legendary reputation in Spanish culture and tradition, with myths about bandits (Los bandidos de Sierra Morena), a giant snake (El Saetón de Sierra Morena)[2] and a child brought up by wolves (Marcos Rodríguez Pantoja),[3] among others.[4] This range is also mentioned in the famous Mexican song "Cielito Lindo" and in one of the most well known traditional Spanish songs, "Soy Minero", interpreted by Antonio Molina.