Siim Kallas


Siim Kallas (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈsiːm ˈkɑlːɑs]; born 2 October 1948) is an Estonian politician, who served as European Commissioner for Transport between 2010 and 2014. Before that he was European Commissioner for Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud between 2004 and 2009. In both Barroso Commissions he was also vice-president.

Siim Kallas
European Commissioner for Transport
In office
9 February 2010  1 November 2014
PresidentJosé Manuel Barroso
Preceded byAntonio Tajani
Succeeded byVioleta Bulc
European Commissioner for Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud
In office
22 November 2004  9 February 2010
PresidentJosé Manuel Barroso
Preceded byNeil Kinnock (Administrative Reform)
Succeeded byMaroš Šefčovič (Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration)
Algirdas Šemeta (Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud)
European Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs
In office
1 May 2004  22 November 2004
Served with Joaquín Almunia
PresidentRomano Prodi
Preceded byPedro Solbes
Succeeded byJoaquín Almunia
14th Prime Minister of Estonia
In office
28 January 2002  10 April 2003
PresidentArnold Rüütel
Preceded byMart Laar
Succeeded byJuhan Parts
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
9 November 1995  21 November 1996
Prime MinisterTiit Vähi
Preceded byRiivo Sinijärv
Succeeded byToomas Hendrik Ilves
Personal details
Born (1948-10-02) 2 October 1948 (age 72)
Tallinn, Estonia
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union (Before 1991)
Reform Party (1994–present)
Spouse(s)Kristi Kallas
Children2, including Kaja Kallas
Alma materUniversity of Tartu

Kallas has been Prime Minister of Estonia, Estonian Minister of Finance, Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Member of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union and member of the Riigikogu. Kallas is a member and former leader of the free-market liberal Estonian Reform Party. Kallas was a vice-president of Liberal International.

He was twice appointed Acting Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro in Olli Rehn's stead, from 19 April 2014 – 25 May 2014 while he was on electoral campaign leave for the 2014 elections to the European Parliament and from 1 July 2014 – 16 July 2014 after he took up his seat.[1][2]

After leaving the Commission, Kallas run in the Estonian presidential election in 2016, but was not elected. In October 2017, he started as the municipal mayor of Viimsi Parish.[3]

Education


  • 1966–1969 Budget and Finance, University of Tartu, BSc
  • 1969–1972 Junior Sergeant, Soviet Armed Forces Corps of Signals.
  • 1972–1974 Economics of environmental protection, University of Tartu, MSc
  • 1974–1977 Economics of environmental protection, University of Tartu, Kandidat Nauk (PhD).

Career


Personal life


Siim Kallas at the electromobility summit 2013 in Berlin

Kallas speaks Estonian, English, Russian, Finnish, and German. Kallas is of Estonian and Baltic German origin. He also has passive knowledge of French. Married to doctor Kristi Kallas, he has one son and one daughter. During the Soviet deportations from Estonia his wife Kristi Kallas, 6 months old at the time, was deported to Siberia with her mother and grandmother in a cattle car and lived there until she was 10 years old.[4]

Kallas has been an active participant in the restoration of Estonian statehood.[citation needed]

His daughter Kaja Kallas is the current leader of the Reform party and Prime Minister of Estonia since 2021.[5]

Controversy


Kallas' inability to address some politically controversial issues[clarification needed] in public caused him to renounce his candidacy for the office of Prime Minister of Estonia in 2014.[6][7]

References