Simunul


Simunul, officially the Municipality of Simunul, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 31,223 people.[4]

Simunul
Municipality of Simunul
Nickname(s): 
The Birthplace of Islam in the Philippines
Map of Tawi-Tawi with Simunul highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Simunul
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 4°53′53″N 119°49′17″E
Country Philippines
RegionBangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
ProvinceTawi-Tawi
District Lone district
Barangays15 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
  TypeSangguniang Bayan
  MayorBenzar N. Tambut[2]
  Vice MayorNazif Ahmad B. Abdurahman
  RepresentativeRashidin H. Matba
  Electorate13,900 voters (2019)
Area
[3]
  Total167.25 km2 (64.58 sq mi)
Elevation
1.0 m (3.3 ft)
Highest elevation
325 m (1,066 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2015 census)[4]
  Total31,223
  Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
  Households
3,205
Economy
  Income class4th municipal income class
  Poverty incidence21.81% (2015)[5]
  Revenue₱89,723,132.20 (2016)
Service provider
  ElectricityTawi Tawi Electric Cooperative (TAWELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
7505
PSGC
IDD:area code+63(0)68
Climate typeTropical climate
Native languagesSama
Tagalog
Sabah Malay
Websitewww.simunul.gov.ph

Geography


The municipality consists of 2 islands: the larger eponymous Simunul Island and Manuk Mangkaw (Manuk Manka) Island, 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) to the south.

There are six beaches in Simunur. The majority of the people are Muslims.

Barangays

Simunul is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.

  • Bagid
  • Bakong
  • Doh-Tong
  • Luuk Datan
  • Manuk Mangkaw
  • Maruwa
  • Mongkay
  • Pagasinan
  • Panglima Mastul
  • Sokah-Bulan
  • Tampakan (Poblacion)
  • Timundon
  • Tonggusong
  • Boheh Indangan
  • Ubol

The barangays of Timundon, Manuk Mangkaw, and Luuk Datan are located on Manuk Mangkaw Island; the remaining 12 barangays are located on Simunul Island.

Climate

Climate data for Simunul, Tawi-Tawi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 157
(6.2)
115
(4.5)
123
(4.8)
96
(3.8)
136
(5.4)
120
(4.7)
104
(4.1)
89
(3.5)
86
(3.4)
131
(5.2)
151
(5.9)
159
(6.3)
1,467
(57.8)
Average rainy days 20.4 17.5 20.4 21.1 26.7 25.7 26.0 24.5 24.0 27.7 26.3 24.7 285
Source: Meteoblue [6]

Demographics


Population census of Simunul
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 1,440    
1918 5,818+9.76%
1939 4,980−0.74%
1948 5,413+0.93%
1960 8,724+4.06%
1970 12,135+3.35%
1975 20,218+10.78%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 26,816+5.81%
1990 26,491−0.12%
1995 29,254+1.88%
2000 31,962+1.92%
2007 38,239+2.50%
2010 34,538−3.64%
2015 31,223−1.90%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][7][8][9]

The language spoken is Sama, also known as Sinama. The first Muslims in the Philippines are said to have arrived at Simunur. The first mosque in the Philippines was built here by Sheik Karimul Makhdum. This mosque is called the Sheik Karimal Makdum Mosque. Inside this mosque stands 4 hags where it is repainted every year.

Economy


References


  1. Municipality of Simunul | (DILG)
  2. "Tawi-tawi's Simunul town has a new mayor". Pressreader. 2020-10-16. Retrieved 2021-01-25.
  3. "Province: Tawi-tawi". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. Census of Population (2015). "ARMM – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  6. "Simunul, Tawi-Tawi : Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  7. Census of Population and Housing (2010). "ARMM – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "ARMM – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. "Province of Tawitawi". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  10. "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  11. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  12. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.