Sinn Féin

Sinn Féin (/ʃɪn ˈfn/ shin FAYN,[13] Irish: [ˌʃiːn̠ʲ ˈfʲeːnʲ]; English: "[We] Ourselves")[14] is an Irish republican[2] and democratic socialist[2] political party active throughout both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

Sinn Féin
PresidentMary Lou McDonald
Vice PresidentMichelle O'Neill
ChairpersonDeclan Kearney
General SecretaryKen O'Connell
Seanad LeaderNiall Ó Donnghaile
FounderArthur Griffith
  • 28 November 1905; 116 years ago (1905-11-28) (original form)
  • 17 January 1970; 52 years ago (1970-01-17) (current form)
Headquarters44 Parnell Square, Dublin 1, D01 XA36
NewspaperAn Phoblacht
Youth wingÓgra Shinn Féin
LGBT wingSinn Féin LGBTQ[1]
Overseas wingFriends of Sinn Féin
IdeologyIrish republicanism[2]
Democratic socialism[2]

Left-wing nationalism[3]
Political positionCentre-left[4] to left-wing[5]
European Parliament groupThe Left in the European Parliament – GUE/NGL
Dáil Éireann[6]
37 / 160
Seanad Éireann[7]
4 / 60
Northern Ireland Assembly[8]
26 / 90
House of Commons
(NI seats)[9]
7 / 18
European Parliament[10] (RoI seats)
1 / 13
Local government in the Republic of Ireland[11]
79 / 949
Local government in Northern Ireland[12]
104 / 462

The original Sinn Féin organisation was founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith, but has split substantially on a number of occasions since then, notably giving rise in the aftermath of the Irish Civil War to the two traditionally dominant parties of Irish politics: Fianna Fáil, and Cumann na nGaedheal (which became Fine Gael). The current Sinn Féin party took its form in 1970 after another split (with the other faction eventually becoming the Workers' Party of Ireland) and was historically associated with the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA).[15] Mary Lou McDonald became party president in February 2018.

Sinn Féin is one of the two largest parties in the Northern Ireland Assembly, winning one fewer seat than the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) at the 2017 Northern Ireland Assembly election. In that assembly it is the largest Irish nationalist party, and it holds four ministerial posts in the power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive as of 2020. In the UK House of Commons, Sinn Féin holds seven of Northern Ireland's 18 seats, making it the second-largest bloc after the DUP; there it follows a policy of abstentionism, refusing to sit in parliament or vote on bills. It is the third largest party overall in the Oireachtas (the parliament of the Republic of Ireland), but in the lower house (Dáil Éireann), it sits as the largest party and the main opposition, having won the largest share of first-preference votes at the 2020 Irish general election.

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