Sint Eustatius

Sint Eustatius (Dutch pronunciation: [sɪnt øːˈstaːtsijʏs]),[7] also known locally as Statia (/ˈstʃə/),[8] is an island in the Caribbean. It is a special municipality (officially "public body") of the Netherlands.[9]

Sint Eustatius
Motto(s): 
"Superba et confidens" (Latin)
"Proud and confident" (English)
Anthem: "Golden Rock"
Location of Sint Eustatius (circled in red)

in the Caribbean

Map showing the location of St. Eustatius relative to Saba and St. Martin
Coordinates: 17°29′N 62°59′W
CountryNetherlands
Overseas regionCaribbean Netherlands
Incorporated into the Netherlands10 October 2010 (dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles)
Capital
(and largest city)
Oranjestad
Government
  Lt. GovernorMarnix van Rij (Government commissioner)[1]
Area
  Total21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Population
 (1 January 2019)[3]
  Total3,138
  Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Demonym(s)St. Eustatian; Statian
Languages
  OfficialDutch
  Recognised regionalEnglish[4]
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Calling code+599-3
ISO 3166 codeBQ-SE, NL-BQ3
CurrencyUnited States dollar ($) (USD)
Internet TLD

The island lies in the northern Leeward Islands portion of the West Indies, southeast of the Virgin Islands. Sint Eustatius is immediately to the northwest of Saint Kitts, and to the southeast of Saba. The regional capital is Oranjestad. The island has an area of 21 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi).[2] Travellers to the island by air arrive through F. D. Roosevelt Airport. Formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles, Sint Eustatius became a special municipality of the Netherlands on 10 October 2010.[10] Together with Bonaire and Saba it forms the BES islands.

The name of the island, "Sint Eustatius", is the Dutch name for Saint Eustace (also spelled Eustachius or Eustathius), a legendary Christian martyr, known in Spanish as San Eustaquio and in Portuguese as Santo Eustáquio or Santo Eustácio.