Sirte

Sirte (/ˈsɜːrt/; Arabic: سِرْت, pronunciation ), also spelled Sirt, Surt, Sert or Syrte, is a city in Libya. It is located south of the Gulf of Sirte, between Tripoli and Benghazi. It is famously known for its battles, ethnic groups, and loyalty to Muammar Gaddafi. Also due to its development, it was the capital of Libya as Tripoli's successor after the Fall of Tripoli from 1 September 2011 to 20 October 2011. The settlement was established in the early 20th century by the Italians, at the site of a 19th-century fortress built by the Ottomans. It grew into a city after World War II.

Sirte
سِرْت
Mathābah al-Madīnah, Assembly building, in Sirte (2007)
Sirte
Location in Libya
Coordinates: 31°12′18″N 16°35′19″E
Country Libya
RegionTripolitania
DistrictSirte
Elevation
28 m (92 ft)
Population
 (2013)
  Total128,123
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
A square in Sirte (2007)

As the birthplace of Muammar Gaddafi, Sirte was favoured by the Gaddafi government.[1] The city was the final major stronghold of Gaddafi loyalists in the Libyan Civil War and Gaddafi was killed there by rebel forces on 20 October 2011. During the battle, Sirte was left almost completely in ruins, with many buildings totally destroyed or damaged.[2] Six months after the civil war, almost 60,000 inhabitants, more than 70 percent of pre-war population, had returned.[3]