Skokie, Illinois

Skokie (/ˈskki/; formerly Niles Center) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States, neighboring the City of Chicago's northern border. Skokie lies approximately 15 miles (24 km) north of Chicago's downtown loop. Its name comes from a Potawatomi word for "marsh."[4] For many years, Skokie promoted itself as "The World's Largest Village."[5] Its population, according to the 2020 census, was 67,824. Skokie's streets, like that of many suburbs, are largely a continuation of the Chicago street grid, and the village is served by the Chicago Transit Authority, further cementing its connection to the city.

Skokie, Illinois
Village
Village of Skokie
Downtown Skokie in 2013
Location of Skokie in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 42°02′01″N 87°43′58″W
Country United States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
TownshipNiles
Incorporated1888
Government
  TypeCouncil–manager
  MayorGeorge Van Dusen (D)[1]
Area
  Total10.06 sq mi (26.07 km2)
  Land10.06 sq mi (26.07 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Population
 (2020)
  Total67,824
  Density6,230.13/sq mi (2,405.45/km2)
 Up 2.27% from 2000
Standard of living (2011)
  Per capita income$32,169
  Median home value$297,900
ZIP code(s)
60076, 60077, 60203
Area code(s)847 & 224
Geocode70122
FIPS code17-70122
Websiteskokie.org
Demographics (2010)[3]
White Black Asian
60.3% 7.3% 25.5%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.02% 0.2% 6.7% 8.8%

Skokie was originally a German-Luxembourger farming community, but was later settled by a sizeable Jewish population, especially after World War II. At its peak in the mid-1960s, 58% of the population was Jewish, the largest percentage of any Chicago suburb. At nearly 30%, Skokie still has a large Jewish population and over a dozen synagogues.[6] It is home to the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center, which opened in northwest Skokie in 2009.[7][8]

Skokie has received national attention twice for court cases decided by the United States Supreme Court. In the mid-1970s, it was at the center of National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie, in which a Nazi group, backed by the American Civil Liberties Union, invoked the First Amendment in an attempt to schedule a Nazi rally in Skokie.[9] At the time, Skokie had a significant population of Holocaust survivors. Skokie ultimately lost that case, though the rally was never held.[10] In 2001, although Skokie was not a direct party to the case, a decision by the village and 22 other area communities regarding land use led the court to reduce the power of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.[citation needed]