Smolensk

Smolensk (Russian: Смоленск, IPA: [smɐˈlʲensk] (listen)) is a city and the administrative center of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Dnieper River, 360 kilometers (220 mi) west-southwest of Moscow.

Smolensk
Смоленск
Smolensk Art Gallery
Location of Smolensk
Smolensk
Location of Smolensk
Smolensk
Smolensk (European Russia)
Smolensk
Smolensk (Europe)
Coordinates: 54°46′58″N 32°02′43″E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSmolensk Oblast[1]
Founded863[2]
Government
  BodySmolensk City Council[3]
  HeadAndrew Borisov
Area
  Total166.35 km2 (64.23 sq mi)
Elevation
242 m (794 ft)
Population
  Total326,861
  Estimate 
(2018)[6]
330,025 (+1%)
  Rank54th in 2010
  Density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
  Subordinated toSmolensk Urban Okrug[1]
  Capital ofSmolensk Oblast[1], Smolensky District[1]
  Urban okrugSmolensk Urban Okrug[7]
  Capital ofSmolensk Urban Okrug[7], Smolensky Municipal District[7]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK [8])
Postal code(s)[9]
214ХХХ
Dialing code(s)+7 4812
OKTMO ID66701000001
Websitewww.smoladmin.ru

The walled city in the center of Smolensk (along with the outskirts) was destroyed several times throughout its long history because it was on the invasion routes of the Mongol Empire, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Tsardom of Russia, First French Empire and Nazi Germany. Smolensk is known for its electronics, textiles, food processing, and diamond faceting industries.