Smolensk (Russian: Смоленск, IPA: [smɐˈlʲensk] (listen)) is a city and the administrative center of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Dnieper River, 360 kilometers (220 mi) west-southwest of Moscow.
|Federal subject||Smolensk Oblast|
|• Body||Smolensk City Council|
|• Head||Andrew Borisov|
|• Total||166.35 km2 (64.23 sq mi)|
|Elevation||242 m (794 ft)|
|• Estimate||330,025 (+1%)|
|• Rank||54th in 2010|
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)|
|• Subordinated to||Smolensk Urban Okrug|
|• Capital of||Smolensk Oblast, Smolensky District|
|• Urban okrug||Smolensk Urban Okrug|
|• Capital of||Smolensk Urban Okrug, Smolensky Municipal District|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK )|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 4812|
The walled city in the center of Smolensk (along with the outskirts) was destroyed several times throughout its long history because it was on the invasion routes of the Mongol Empire, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Tsardom of Russia, First French Empire and Nazi Germany. Smolensk is known for its electronics, textiles, food processing, and diamond faceting industries.