Socialism in one country

Socialism in one country (Russian: социализм в отдельно взятой стране, tr. sotsializm v otdelno vzyatoy strane, lit. 'socialism in a single country') was a theory put forth by Joseph Stalin and Nikolai Bukharin in 1924, which was eventually adopted by the Soviet Union as state policy.[1]

The theory held that given the defeat of all the communist revolutions in Europe in 1917–1923 except for the one in Russia, the Soviet Union should begin to strengthen itself internally. This turn toward national communism was a shift from the previously held position by classical Marxism that socialism must be established globally. However, proponents of the theory argue that it contradicts neither world revolution nor world communism.

The theory was in opposition to Leon Trotsky's theory of permanent revolution and the communist left theory of world revolution.