Solomon Mamaloni


Solomon Sunaone Mamaloni (23 January 1943 – 11 January 2000) was a Solomon Islands politician. He was the first Chief Minister of the islands, and later served as Prime Minister for three spells in the 1980s and 1990s.[1]

Solomon Mamaloni
Prime Minister of Solomon Islands
In office
7 November 1994  27 August 1997
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor-GeneralSir Moses Pitakaka
Preceded byFrancis Billy Hilly
Succeeded byBartholomew Ulufa'alu
In office
28 March 1989  18 June 1993
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor-GeneralSir George Lepping
Preceded byEzekiel Alebua
Succeeded byFrancis Billy Hilly
In office
30 August 1981  19 November 1984
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor-GeneralSir Baddeley Devesi
Preceded byPeter Kenilorea
Succeeded byPeter Kenilorea
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1998  11 January 2000
Preceded byEdward Huni'ehu
Succeeded byManasseh Sogavare
In office
1993–1994
Preceded byJoses Tuhanuku
Succeeded byBaddeley Devesi
In office
1984–1988
Preceded byPeter Kenilorea
Succeeded byAndrew Nori
In office
1980–1981
Preceded byBartholomew Ulufa'alu
Succeeded byPeter Kenilorea
Chief Minister of the British Solomon Islands
In office
1974–1976
MonarchElizabeth II
GovernorSir Donald Luddington
Personal details
Born23 January 1943
Rumahui, British Solomon Islands
Died11 January 2000(2000-01-11) (aged 56)
Honiara, Solomon Islands
NationalitySolomon Islander
Political partyPeople's Progressive Party

Biography


Mamaloni was born in 1943 in the village of Rumahui, Arosi, in West Makira.[2] He was educated at Pawa School and King George VI Secondary School, before attending Te Aute College in New Zealand.[3] He joined the civil service in 1966, initially working as an executive officer for the Legislative Council, before becoming a clerk.[3]

He was elected to the Governing Council from the Makira constituency in the 1970 elections. After being re-elected in 1973, he was involved in the establishment of the People's Progressive Party the following January. Later in 1974 the new post of Chief Minister was established, with Mamaloni being elected to the post after the sixth round of voting.[3]

He served as Chief Minister of the Solomon Islands until July 1976. Although he resigned from the Legislative Assembly in December 1976,[4] he returned to politics and represented West Makira constituency in the National Parliament. He was Leader of the Opposition from 1980 to 1981,[5] from 1984 to 1988,[6] and from 1993 to 1994.[7] He was again chosen as Leader of the Opposition in late September 1998, replacing Job Dudley Tausinga.[8]

His role as architect of the Solomon Islands' independence from British rule in 1978 buoyed Mamaloni's support, and he served as opposition leader until his death.[9]

He remained Opposition Leader until his death from kidney disease in a Honiara hospital in January 2000.[10] His funeral was held on 13 January.[11]

References


  1. Moore, Clive. "Mamaloni, Solomon Suna'one - Biographical entry - Solomon Islands Encyclopaedia, 1893-1978". www.solomonencyclopaedia.net.
  2. Chevalier, Christopher. "Understanding Solomon". Political Life Writing in the Pacific: Reflections on Practice (PDF). The Australian National University. p. 33. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  3. Triumph for the Solomons' Solomon Pacific Islands Monthly, October 1974, pp5–6
  4. What made the Solomons' 'Solo' Go? Pacific Islands Monthly, March 1977, p19
  5. "Members of the Second Parliament", Solomon Islands Parliament website.
  6. "Members of the Third Parliament", Solomon Islands Parliament website.
  7. "Members of the Fifth Parliament", Solomon Islands Parliament website.
  8. "Solomon Islands: Former premier back as opposition leader", Radio New Zealand International (nl.newsbank.com), September 30, 1998.
  9. Obituary in Time magazine
  10. "Solomon Islands' controversial former prime minister Mamaloni dies", Associated Press (nl.newsbank.com), January 12, 2000.
  11. List of small publications in the Archives of the Anglican Church of Melanesia (in the National Archives of Solomon Islands) p. 25. (Accessed 25 August 2016)