Solution-focused brief therapy

Solution-focused (brief) therapy (SFBT)[1][2] is a goal-directed collaborative approach to psychotherapeutic change that is conducted through direct observation of clients' responses to a series of precisely constructed questions.[3] Based upon social constructionist thinking and Wittgensteinian philosophy,[3] SFBT focuses on addressing what clients want to achieve without exploring the history and provenance of problem(s).[4] SF therapy sessions typically focus on the present and future, focusing on the past only to the degree necessary for communicating empathy and accurate understanding of the client's concerns.[5][6]

SFBT is future-oriented and goal-oriented[7][3] interviewing technique[8] that helps clients "build solutions." Elliot Connie defines solution building as "a collaborative language process between the client(s) and the therapist that develops a detailed description of the client(s)' preferred future/goals and identifies exceptions and past successes".[9] By doing so, SFBT focuses on clients' strengths and resilience.[7]