Somali Democratic Republic

The Somali Democratic Republic (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiya Soomaaliyeed, Arabic: الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyah, Italian: Repubblica Democratica Somala) was the name that the Marxist–Leninist socialist military government gave to Somalia under President Major General Mohamed Siad Barre, after seizing power in a coup d'état on 21 October 1969.[6][7][8] The coup came a few days after a bodyguard assassinated Abdirashid Shermarke, the nation's second President.[8] Barre's administration ruled Somalia for the next 21 years until Somalia collapsed into anarchy in 1991.

Somali Democratic Republic
Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiga Soomaaliyeed
الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية
al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyed
1969–1991
Anthem: Soomaaliya Ha Noolaato
(English: "Long live Somalia")
CapitalMogadishu
Common languagesSomali
Arabic
Religion
Islam
GovernmentUnitary One-Party Socialist Republic
President 
 1969–1991
Siad Barrea
Prime Minister 
 1969–1970
Mohamed Farah Salad
 1990–1991
Muhammad Hawadle Madar
Historical eraCold War
21 October 1969
13 July 1977
10 March 1978
26 January 1991
Area
1972[1]637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)
1977[2]957,657 km2 (369,753 sq mi)
1991[3]637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)
Population
 1972[4]
2,941,000
 1977[2]
6,709,161
CurrencySomali shilling[5] (SOS)
Calling code252
ISO 3166 codeSO
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Somali Republic
Interim Government of Somalia
Republic of Somaliland
Today part ofSomalia
Somalilandb
  1. Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council from 1969–1976 & after 1980.
  2. Somaliland is not internationally recognized. Its territory is considered part of Somalia. Somaliland authorities, however, hold de facto power in the region.