Somme (department)

Somme (French pronunciation: [sɔm] (listen)) is a department of France, located in the north of the country and named after the Somme river. It is part of the Hauts-de-France region.

Somme
Prefecture building of the Somme department, in Amiens
Location of Somme in France
Coordinates: 49°53′N 02°25′E
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
PrefectureAmiens
SubprefecturesAbbeville
Montdidier
Péronne
Government
  President of the General CouncilLaurent Somon
Area
  Total6,170 km2 (2,380 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
  Total572,443
  Rank44th
  Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number80
Arrondissements4
Cantons23
Communes772
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

The north central area of the Somme was the site of a series of battles during World War I, including the particularly significant Battle of the Somme in 1916. As a result of this and other battles fought in the area the department is home to many military cemeteries and several major monuments commemorating the many soldiers from various countries who died on its battlefields. The 1346 Battle of Crécy, a major English victory early in the Hundred Years' War, also took place in this department.