South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of states in South Asia. Its member states are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The SAARC comprises 3% of the world's area, 21% of the world's population and 4.21% (US$3.67 trillion)[3] of the global economy, as of 2019.

South Asian Association
for Regional Cooperation
  • Bengali:দক্ষিণ এশীয় আঞ্চলিক সহযোগিতা সংস্থা
    Dari:
    اتحادیه همکاری‌های منطقه‌ای جنوب آسیا
    Dzongkha:༄ ལྷོ ཨེསིཨ་ རེ་གིཨོནལ་ ཅོཨོཔེརཏིཨོན་ ཀོ་མི་ཏི།
    Hindi:दक्षिण एशियाई क्षेत्रीय सहयोग संगठन
    Maldivian:
    ދެކުނު އޭޝިޔާގެ ސަރަޙައްދީ އެއްބާރުލުމުގެ ޖަމިއްޔާ
    Nepali:दक्षिण एशियाली क्षेत्रीय सहयोग सङ्गठन
    Pashto:
    د سویلي اسیا لپاره د سیمه ایزی همکارۍ ټولنه
    Sinhala:දකුණු ආසියාතික කලාපීය සහයෝගිතා සංවිධානය
    Tamil:தெற்காசிய நாடுகளின் பிராந்தியக் கூட்டமைப்பு
    Urdu:
    جنوبی ایشیائی علاقائی تعاون کی تنظیم
Flag
Logo
SAARC Region
  Member states
  Observer states
HeadquartersKathmandu, Nepal
Official languagesEnglish
Demonym(s)South Asian
Member states
Leaders
Esala Ruwan Weerakoon
(3 March 2020 – present)[1]
Establishment8 December 1985
Area
 Total
5,099,611 km2 (1,968,971 sq mi) (7th)
 Water (%)
6.8
Population
 2015 estimate
1,713,870,000[2] (1st)
 Density
336.1/km2 (870.5/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
 Total
US$11.64 trillion[3] (3rd)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
 Total
$3.31 trillion[3] (5th)
Currency
8 currencies
Time zoneUTC+4:30 to +6 (AFT, PST, MVT, IST, SLST, NPT, BST, BTT)
Calling code
8 codes

The SAARC was founded in Dhaka on 8 December 1985.[4] Its secretariat is based in Kathmandu, Nepal. The organization promotes development of economic and regional integration.[5] It launched the South Asian Free Trade Area in 2006.[6] The SAARC maintains permanent diplomatic relations at the United Nations as an observer and has developed links with multilateral entities, including the European Union.