South Tyrol

South Tyrol (German: Südtirol; Italian: Alto Adige; Ladin: Südtirol) is an autonomous province in northern Italy, one of the two that make up the autonomous region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[4] The province is the northernmost of Italy, the second largest, with an area of 7,400 square kilometres (2,857 sq mi) and has a total population of 531,178 inhabitants as of 2019. Its capital and largest city is Bolzano (German: Bozen; Ladin: Balsan or Bulsan).

The Atlas Tyrolensis, showing the entire County of Tyrol, printed in Vienna. 1774

Autonomous Province Bolzano – South Tyrol
German: Autonome Provinz Bozen – Südtirol
Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige
Ladin: Provinzia Autonoma de Balsan/Bulsan – Südtirol
Map highlighting the location of the province of South Tyrol in Italy (in red)
Country Italy
RegionTrentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
  GovernorArno Kompatscher (SVP)
  Total7,399.97 km2 (2,857.14 sq mi)
 (1 January 2019)
  Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Telephone prefix0471, 0472, 0473, 0474
Vehicle registrationBZ
GDP (nominal)€24.8 billion (2018)[1]
GDP per capita€47,100 (2018)[2]
HDI (2019)0.910[3]
very high · 5th of 21

According to the 2011 census, 62.3% of the population speaks German as first language (Standard German in the written form and an Austro-Bavarian dialect in the spoken form); 23.4% of the population speaks Italian, mainly in and around the two largest cities (Bolzano and Merano); 4.1% speaks Ladin, a Rhaeto-Romance language; 10.2% of the population (mainly recent immigrants) speaks another language natively.

The province is granted a considerable level of self-government, consisting of a large range of exclusive legislative and executive powers and a fiscal regime that allows it to retain 90% of revenue, while remaining a net contributor to the national budget.[5] As of 2016, South Tyrol is the wealthiest province in Italy and among the wealthiest in the European Union.

In the wider context of the European Union, the province is one of the three members of the Tyrol–South Tyrol–Trentino Euroregion, which corresponds almost exactly to the historical region of Tyrol.[6] The other members are Tyrol state in Austria, to the north and east, and the Italian Autonomous province of Trento to the south.