South West Surrey (UK Parliament constituency)
South West Surrey is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since 2005, the seat has been represented by Conservative MP Jeremy Hunt, the former Culture Secretary, Health Secretary and Foreign Secretary.
|South West Surrey|
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||76,495 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Farnham, Godalming and Haslemere|
|Member of Parliament||Jeremy Hunt (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
1983–2010: The District of Waverley wards of Alford and Dunsfold, Busbridge, Hambledon and Hascombe, Chiddingfold, Elstead, Peper Harow and Thursley, Farnham Bourne, Farnham Castle, Farnham Hale and Heath End, Farnham Rowledge and Wrecclesham, Farnham Upper Hale, Farnham Waverley, Farnham Weybourne and Badshot Lea, Frensham, Dockenfield and Tilford, Godalming North, Godalming North East and South West, Godalming North West, Godalming South East, Haslemere North and Grayswood, Haslemere South, Hindhead, Milford, Shottermill, and Witley.
2010–present: The Borough of Waverley wards of Bramley, Busbridge and Hascombe, Chiddingfold and Dunsfold, Elstead and Thursley, Farnham Bourne, Farnham Castle, Farnham Firgrove, Farnham Hale and Heath End, Farnham Moor Park, Farnham Shortheath and Boundstone, Farnham Upper Hale, Farnham Weybourne and Badshot Lea, Farnham Wrecclesham and Rowledge, Frensham, Dockenfield and Tilford, Godalming Binscombe, Godalming Central and Ockford, Godalming Charterhouse, Godalming Farncombe and Catteshall, Godalming Holloway, Haslemere Critchmere and Shottermill, Haslemere East and Grayswood, Hindhead, Milford, and Witley and Hambledon.
Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies
The Boundary Commission's recommendations implemented by Parliament for 2010 saw the realignment of the boundary with Guildford in order to bring it in line with adjustment of local government wards. Guildford's electorate was the largest of the county and this aimed to reduce it. Two wards split between the two constituencies: Bramley; and Busbridge and Hascombe, afterwards entirely in South West Surrey; and the ward 'Alfold, Cranleigh Rural and Ellens Green' was split, so it was consolidated into Guildford for the 2010 general election. The net effect was to increase the number of voters in South West Surrey and reduce the number in Guildford.
A public review was called, dealing primarily with objections to receiving the rest of Bramley. Many petitioned to argue that the village's links, especially transport, were mainly with Guildford rather than the towns of Godalming (or Farnham). The precedent of the previous review was cited, when a proposal to move Bramley out of Guildford and into Mole Valley was rejected after local opposition. However, the review felt that this did not justify splitting the ward (something the Boundary Commission seeks to avoid completely) and that the other parts of the ward had strong links to Godalming. Furthermore, it cited the point that, in the previous review, Bramley Parish Council had stated that if it were to be moved it would prefer to be moved to South West Surrey and thus argued that the previous objection had accommodated a preferred progressive change towards being wholly in South West Surrey if necessary to equalise electorates.
The constituency was created in 1983, largely replacing the former seat of Farnham. It has been consistently won by the Conservative Party, though the majority dropped to a mere 861 votes in 2001, leaving it as the Liberal Democrats' third target constituency by swing required. Since then, the Conservative majority has substantially increased, exceeding 28,000 votes in 2015.
In the 2011 referendum on adopting the Alternative Vote (AV) system, Waverley Borough, which includes the constituency, rejected the proposal by 72.6%. In the 2016 referendum on the UK's membership of the European Union, Waverley voted to remain in the European Union by 58.4%.
In the 2017 general election, the Green Party endorsed Dr Louise Irvine, of the National Health Action Party, and did not field its own candidate in an attempt to unseat the incumbent Jeremy Hunt as a result of his controversial record as the Secretary of State for Health. Some local members of the Labour and Liberal Democrat parties also advocated not fielding a candidate for their respective parties. However, the national Labour party declined to withdraw in the seat, saying that it would impose its own candidate if necessary, and Labour party members who publicly supported Dr Irvine were expelled. The Liberal Democrats also declined to withdraw. In 2019, Dr. Irvine declined to stand and endorsed the Liberal Democrat candidate. At the election, the Liberal Democrats polled over 17,000 more votes - an almost 30% vote share increase - compared to 2017, however Hunt retained his seat by 8,817 votes.
Virginia Bottomley, the MP from 1984 to 2005, became the Secretary of State for Health in 1992 (a Privy Council level office). She then served as the Secretary of State for National Heritage from 1995 to 1997.
Jeremy Hunt served as the Secretary of State for Culture, Olympics, Media and Sport (2010–2012), Secretary of State for Health (2012–2018) and, between 9 July 2018 and 24 July 2019, as the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs.
The constituency includes one end of the Greensand Ridge, including the Devil's Punch Bowl and visitor centre at Hindhead. The area has two railways, a branch line via Farnham, the Alton Line and the Portsmouth Direct Line. The A3 three-lane highway passes through the seat.
Workless claimants (registered jobseekers) were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
|1984 by-election||Virginia Bottomley||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Follows||23,374||38.7||28.8|
|National Health Action||Louise Irvine||12,093||20.0||11.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Ollie Purkiss||5,967||9.9||3.6|
|National Health Action||Louise Irvine||4,851||8.5||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Patrick Haveron||3,586||6.3||−23.9|
|Something New||Paul Robinson||320||0.6||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Mike Simpson||17,287||30.2||−9.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Simon Cordon||20,709||39.5||−4.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Simon Cordon||21,601||43.6||+3.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Neil Sherlock||22,471||39.8||+6.3|
|ProLife Alliance||Josephine Quintavalle||258||0.5||New|
The seat underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus vote share changes are based on a notional calculation.
|Liberal Democrats||Neil Sherlock||20,033||33.5||−0.9|
|Natural Law||Keith Campbell||147||0.3||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|Ind. Conservative||Matthew Green||299||0.5||New|
|Pro-Nuclear Holocaust Masturbation Freedom||Victor Litvin||117||0.3||New|
|Death off Roads: Freight on Rail||Helen Anscomb||82||0.2||New|
|Votes for a full hearing||Peter Smith||29||0.1||New|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- After nominations were closed, Haveron was suspended by the Liberal Democrats following allegations that he had falsified council nomination papers. Although his name still appeared on the ballot papers as the Liberal Democrat candidate, the party said he no longer represented them and the treasurer of the local branch encouraged supporters to vote for Louise Irvine instead.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-14. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
- "Electoral Commission | Waverley". www.electoralcommission.org.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- "EU Referendum local results – W". BBC News. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- Bulman, May (8 May 2017). "Progressive alliance: Greens, Labour and Liberal Democrats unite to take down Jeremy Hunt". The Independent. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- Elgot, Jessica (9 May 2017). "Labour expels two members over attempt to unseat Jeremy Hunt". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- http://www.libdems.org.uk/ (2017-05-11). "SW Surrey Parliamentary Candidate Ollie Purkiss". Waverley Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- William E. Schmidt (12 April 1992). "In London's Shock, A Cabinet Is Named". New York Times. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- "University of Hull announces next chancellor – Baroness Bottomley". University of Hull. 26 January 2006. Retrieved 22 February 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "Surrey South West parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 2020-10-04.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 6)
- "Surrey South West Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "Progressive alliance candidate to stand in South West Surrey". Retrieved 2017-05-08.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Surrey Liberal Democrat candidate Patrick Haveron suspended – BBC News, 27 April 2015
- Jeremy Hunt could lose seat to GP after bookies slash odds on top doctor – The Mirror, 5 May 2015
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Results for the UK Parliamentary Election 2010 (South West Surrey) Archived 2010-05-12 at the Wayback Machine, Waverley Borough Council
- Surrey South West, guardian.co.uk
- Election 2010, Surrey South West, BBC News
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 – 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 – 2010 (Guardian)
- By-election result, 1984
- UK Constituency Maps