Space Shuttle Atlantis

Space Shuttle Atlantis (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV‑104) is a Space Shuttle orbiter vehicle which belongs to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the spaceflight and space exploration agency of the United States.[1] Manufactured by the Rockwell International company in Southern California and delivered to the Kennedy Space Center in Eastern Florida in April 1985, Atlantis is the fourth operational and the second-to-last Space Shuttle built.[2][3] Its maiden flight was STS-51-J from 3 to 7 October 1985.

Atlantis in orbit in 2010, during STS-132
ClassSpace Shuttle orbiter
Named afterRV Atlantis
ManufacturerRockwell International
Construction numberOV-104
Technical details
Dry mass78,000 kilograms (172,000 pounds)
Flight history
First flightSTS-51-J
3–7 October 1985
Last flightSTS-135
8–21 July 2011
Total hours7,358
Distance traveled202,673,974 kilometres (125,935,769 miles)
Mir dockings7
ISS dockings12
End of lifeRetired
Preserved at

Atlantis embarked on its 33rd and final mission, also the final mission of a space shuttle, STS-135, on 8 July 2011. STS-134 by Endeavour was expected to be the final flight before STS-135 was authorized in October 2010. STS-135 took advantage of the processing for the STS-335 Launch on Need mission that would have been necessary if STS-134's crew became stranded in orbit.[4] Atlantis landed for the final time at the Kennedy Space Center on 21 July 2011.

By the end of its final mission, Atlantis had orbited the Earth a total of 4,848 times, traveling nearly 126,000,000 mi (203,000,000 km) or more than 525 times the distance from the Earth to the Moon.

Atlantis is named after RV Atlantis, a two-masted sailing ship that operated as the primary research vessel for the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution from 1930 to 1966.[5]

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