List of government space agencies


This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

As of 2018, 72 different government space agencies are in existence; 14 of those have launch capability. Six government space agencies—the China National Space Administration (CNSA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA or Roscosmos)—have full launch capabilities; these include the ability to launch and recover multiple satellites, deploy cryogenic rocket engines and operate space probes.

The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first.

The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where applicable. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. A link to the Agency's primary website is also given.

List of space agencies

The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows
  Human Lunar Exploration + Operates Space Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Human spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  None Of The Above
Name Initialisms/Acronym Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Astronauts Operates Satellites Sounding Rockets capable Recoverable Biological Sounding Rockets capable
Air Force Space Command AFSPC  United States 1 September 1982YesYesYesYes [1][2][3]
Australian Space Agency ASA  Australia 1st July 2018NoYesYesNo [4][5][citation needed]
Belarus Space Agency BSA  Belarus 2010NoNoYesNo [6]
Central American Association for Aeronautics and Space
(Spanish: Asociación Centroamericana de Aeronáutica y el Espacio)
ACAE  Costa Rica 2010NoYesNoNo [7]
Mexican Space Agency
(Spanish: Agencia Espacial Mexicana)
AEM  Mexico 30 July 2010YesYesYesNo
Algerian Space Agency
French: Agence Spatiale Algérienne
Berber: Tafullut Tadzayrit n Tallunt
Arabic: الوكالة الفضائية الجزائرية
ASAL  Algeria 16 January 2002NoYesNoNo
Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization
Chinese: 亚太空间合作组织
APSCO 28 October 2005NoYesNoNo
German: Agentur für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(Aeronautics and Space Agency);
also Austrian Space Agency;
(Austrian Solar and Space Agency 1977–1987)
ALR  Austria 12 July 1972NoNoNoNo [8][9]
Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Milli Aerokosmik Agentliyinin
(Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency) (Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency 1974–2013 AzerCosmos[10])
AMAKA  Azerbaijan 21 February 1974NoYesNoNo
Bahrain’s National Space Science Agency
(NSSA)
NSSA  Bahrain 9 April 2014NoNoNoNo [11]
Dutch: Belgisch Instituut voor Ruimte-Aëronomie
French: Institut d’Aéronomie Spatiale de Belgique
(Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy)
BIRA
IASB
BISA
 Belgium 25 November 1964YesNoNoNo [12]
Spanish: Agencia Bolivariana para Actividades Espaciales
(Bolivarian Agency for Space Activities)
ABAE  Venezuela 1 January 2008NoYesNoNo [13]
Portuguese: Agência Espacial Brasileira
(Brazilian Space Agency)
AEB  Brazil 10 February 1994YesYesYes[14]No [15]
UK Space Agency UKSA  United Kingdom 1 April 2010YesYesYesNo [citation needed]
Bolivian Space Agency Spanish: Agencia Boliviana Espacial
ABE  Bolivia 2012 NoYesNoNo [16][17][18]
Bulgarian: Българска академия на науките
(Space Research Institute, Solar-Terrestrial Influences Institute) Bulgarian Space Agency
ИКИ-БАН
SRI-BAS
ИСЗВ-БАН
STIL-BAS
 Bulgaria 1987YesYesNoNo [19]
Canadian Space Agency
French: Agence spatiale canadienne
CSA
ASC
 Canada 1 March 1989YesYesYesNo [20]
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 国家航天局)
CNSA  China 22 April 1993YesYesYesYes [21]
Spanish: Comisión Colombiana del Espacio
(Colombian Space Commission)
CCE  Colombia 18 July 2006NoYesNoNo [22]
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing CRISP  Singapore 1995NoYesNoNo
Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS
International
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)
British National Space Centre (BNSC)
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES)
China National Space Administration (CNSA)
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR)
European Space Agency (ESA)
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA)
1982NoNoNoNo
Committee on Space Research COSPAR 1958NoNoNoNo [23][24][25]
Czech: Ministerstvo dopravy České republiky
(Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic - Space Technologies and Satellite Systems Department[citation needed][26])

Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic
 Czech Republic 2003[citation needed]NoNoNoNo [26]
Danish: Danmarks Rumcenter
(Danish National Space Center)
DRC
DNSC
 Denmark 1 January
1968
31 December
2006
YesNoNoNo [citation needed]
Danish: Dansk Rumforskningsinstitut
(Danish Space Research Institute)
DRKI[permanent dead link]
DSRI
 Denmark 1 January
2005
31 December
2006
NoYesNoNo [citation needed]
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975YesYesYesYes [27][28]
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency
(Thai: สำนักงานพัฒนาเทคโนโลยีอวกาศและภูมิสารสนเทศ)
GISTDA
สทอภ
 Thailand 3 November 2002NoYesNoNo [29]
German: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(German Aerospace Center)
DLR  Germany 1969YesYesYesNo [30]
Hungarian: Magyar Űrkutatási Iroda
(Hungarian Space Office)
MŰI
HSO
 Hungary January 1992NoYesNoNo
Indian Space Research Organisation
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969YesYesYesYes [31][32][33]
Greek: Ινστιτούτο Διαστημικών Εφαρμογών και Τηλεπισκόπησης
(Institute for Space Applications and Remote Sensing)
ΙΔΕΤ
ISARS
 Greece 1955NoYesNoNo [citation needed]
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial INTA  Spain 1942YesYesYesNo [34][35][36]
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران)
ISA  Iran 2003NoYesYesYes [37][38][39]
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית)
ISA
סל"ה
 Israel April 1983YesYesYesNo [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency
(Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Italiana)
ASI  Italy 1988YesYesYesNo [40][41]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003YesYesYesYes [42][43]
National Space Agency (KazCosmos);
Kazakh Space Research Institute
NSA (KazCosmos);
SRI
 Kazakhstan 1991YesYesNoNo
New Zealand Space Agency
NZSA  New Zealand April 2016NoNoNoNo
Korean Committee of Space Technology
(Korean: 조선우주공간기술위원회)
KCST  North Korea 1980s2013NoYesYesNo [44][45][46]
National Aerospace Development Administration
(Korean: 국가우주개발국)
NADA  North Korea 2013NoYesYesNo [47]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
KARI  South Korea 10 October 1989YesYesYesNo [citation needed]
Lithuanian Space Association[citation needed] LSA  Lithuania 2007NoYesNoNo [48]
Malaysian National Space Agency
(Malay: Agensi Angkasa Negara)
ANGKASA  Malaysia 2002YesYesNoNo [49]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958YesYesYesYes [50]
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences
(Arabic: الهيئة العامة للاستشعار عن بعد وعلوم الفضاء)
NARSS  Egypt 1994NoYesNoNo [51]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research)
CNES  France 19 December 1961YesYesYesNo [52]
Paraguayan Space Agency
(Spanish: Agencia Espacial del Paraguay)
AEP  Paraguay 26 March 2014NoNoNoNo
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Aeroespacial
(National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development)
CONIDA  Peru 11 June 1974NoYesYesNo [53]
Philippine Space Agency PhilSA  Philippines 8 August 2019NoYesNoNo [54][55]
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales
(National Commission for Space Research)
CNIE  Argentina 19611991NoNoYesYes [56][57]
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales
(National Space Activities Commission)
CONAE  Argentina 28 May 1991NoYesYesNo [56]
Indonesian: Lembaga Antariksa dan Penerbangan Nasional
(National Institute of Aeronautics and Space)
LAPAN  Indonesia 27 November 1964YesYesYesNo [citation needed]
National Remote Sensing Center of Mongolia[citation needed] NRSC  Mongolia 1987NoNoNoNo [58]
French: Centre national de la cartographie et de la télédétection
(Arabic: المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia)[citation needed]
CNT  Tunisia 1988NoNoNoNo
Uzbek State Space Research Agency (UzbekCosmos) USSRA (UzbekCosmos)  Uzbekistan 2001NoNoNoNo [59]
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
NSAU
 Ukraine 2 March 1992YesYesYesNo
National Space Organization
(Chinese: 國家太空中心)
NSPO  Republic of China (Taiwan) 3 October 1991NoYesYesNo [60]
National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA  Nigeria 1998NoYesNoNo [citation needed]
Dutch: Stichting Ruimteonderzoek Nederland
(Netherlands Institute for Space Research)
SRON  Netherlands 1983YesYesNoNo [citation needed]
Norwegian: Norsk Romsenter
(Norwegian Space Centre)
NRS
NSC
 Norway 1987NoYesYesNo [61]
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission
(Urdu: پاکستان خلائی و بالا فضائی تحقی‍قاتی کمیشن)
SUPARCO
سپارکو
 Pakistan 16 September 1961NoYesYesNo [citation needed]
Portugal Space  Portugal 2019NoNoNoNo[62][63]
Romanian: Agenţia Spaţială Română
(Romanian Space Agency)
ASR
ROSA
 Romania 1991YesYesNoNo [citation needed]
former Egypt Remote Sensing Center EASRT-RSC  Egypt 19711994NoNoNoNo [51]
French: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
Berber: Ammas Amrrukan n Tallunt
(Arabic: المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي)
(Royal Center for Remote Sensing)[citation needed]
CRTS  Morocco December 1989NoYesNoNo
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
ROSCOSMOS  Russia c.1992YesYesYesYes [citation needed]
Sri Lanka Space Agency[citation needed] SLSA  Sri Lanka 2010 (Proposed)[needs update]NoYesNoNo [64]
Turkish: Türkiye Uzay Ajansı
(Turkish Space Agency)
TUA  Turkey 2018NoYesNoNo [65][66]
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955ca. 1991YesYesYesYes [citation needed]
Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO  Bangladesh 1980NoNoNoNo [67]
Polish: Polska Agencja Kosmiczna POLSA
(Polish Space Agency)
POLSA
POLSA
 Poland 2014YesYesNoNo [citation needed]
South African National Space Agency SANSA  South Africa 9 December 2010NoNoNoNo [68]
Space Research Institute of Saudi Arabia[citation needed]
(Arabic: معهد بحوث الفضاء)
KACST-SRI  Saudi Arabia NoYesNoNo
Vietnamese: Viện Công nghệ vũ trụ Việt Nam
(Space Technology Institute (Vietnam))
CNVT or STI
VAST-STI
 Vietnam 20 November 2006YesYesNoNo [69]
Swedish: Rymdstyrelsen
(Swedish National Space Agency)
SNSA  Sweden 1972YesYesYesNo [citation needed]
Swiss Space Office SSO   Switzerland 1998NoNoNoNo [70][71]
Turkmenistan National Space Agency  Turkmenistan 2011NoNoNoNo [72]
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UNOOSA  United Nations 13 December 1958 [73]
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNCOPUOS 12 December 1959
United Arab Emirates Space Agency
(Arabic: وكالةالإمارات للفضاء)
UAESA  United Arab Emirates 2014NoYesNoNo [74]
Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre
(Arabic: على مركز محمد بن راشد للفضاء)
MBRSC Dubai,  United Arab Emirates 6 February 2006 (as EIAST)
2015 (as MBRSC)
NoYesNoNo [75]

List of space agencies with launch capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Launch capable Multiple Satellites Launch capable Developed and Deployed Cryogenic Rocket Engines Operates Extraterrestrial Probe Recoverable Satellites capable
Air Force Space Command AFSPC  United States 15 September 1985YesYesYesNoYes [2][3]
Australian Space Agency ASA  Australia 1st July 2018YesNoNoNoNo [4][5][citation needed]
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993YesYesYesYesYes [21]
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975YesYesYesYesYes [27][28]
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران)
ISA
ISA
 Iran 2003YesNoNoNoNo
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית)
(Arabic: وكالة الفضاء الإسرائيلية)
ISA
סל"ה
 Israel April 1983YesNoNoNoNo [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency
(Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Italiana)
ASI  Italy 1988YesYesNoNoNo [76]
National Aerospace Development Administration
(Korean: 조선우주공간기술위원회)
KCST  North Korea 1980sYesNoNoNoNo [citation needed]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
KARI
항우연
 South Korea October 1989YesNoNoNoNo [citation needed]
Indian Space Research Organisation
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969YesYesYesYesYes [31][32][33]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003YesYesYesYesYes [42]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958YesYesYesYesYes [50]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research)
CNES  France 19 December 1961YesYesYesNoNo [52]
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
NSAU
 Ukraine 2 March 1992YesYesNoNoNo [citation needed]
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos))
ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
 Russia ca. 1992YesYesYesYesYes [citation needed]
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955ca. 1991YesYesYesYesYes [citation needed]

List of space agencies with human spaceflight capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Human Spaceflight capable Human Space launch capable Spacewalk capable Space Rendezvous and Docking capable Operates Space Station
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China April 22, 1993YesYesYesYesYes [21][77]
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
 Russia December 26, 1991 Dissolution of Soviet UnionYesYesYesYesYes [78]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States October 1, 1958YesYesYesYesYes [50]


Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union July 22, 1951December 26, 1991 Dissolution of Soviet UnionOctober 2, 1991 (1991-10-02) lastOctober 2, 1991 (1991-10-02) lastJuly 27, 1991 (1991-07-27) lastDecember 26, 1991 (1991-12-26) lastDecember 26, 1991 (1991-12-26) last [78]

List of space agencies with lunar landing capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Circumlunar Crewed Spaceflight Controlled impact with Lunar surface Uncrewed Moon Soft Landing Uncrewed (automated) lunar rover operation Automated Lunar sample return mission Crewed Moon Landing and sample return
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993NoYesYesYesNoNo [21]
Indian Space Research Organisation
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969NoYesNoNoNoNo [31][32][33]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958YesYesYesNoNoYes [50]
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955ca. 1991NoYesYesYes[79]Yes[80][81]No [82]

Expected and proposed future space agencies

Space agency Country Expected date of formation Current status Ref(s)
Name Acronym
Sri Lanka Aeronautics and Space Agency SLASA  Sri Lanka Immediate goal is to construct and launch two satellites. Sri Lankan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission has signed an agreement with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd to get relevant help and resources. [83][84]
African Space Agency AfriSpace  African Union Proposed in 2015. AU plans to launch the agency by 2023 with a new proposed headquarter in New Cairo, Egypt. Funded by Egypt. [85][86][87][88]
Armenian Space Agency ArmCosmos  Armenia Proposed in 2013 with the goal to launch satellites. Negotiating with the International Telecommunications Union to clear the path for its prospective launch. [89]
Pan-Arab Space Agency
PASA Arab League Stalled. Proposed in 2009, at progress stage. [90]
South American Space Agency South America Proposed in 2011, at progress stage [91]

Budgets

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration.[92][93] Note also that budget could be used for different projects: e.g. GPS is maintained from the US defence budget, whereas ESA's money is used for developing the European Galileo positioning system[citation needed]. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown include also their contributions to ESA.

Budgets of different space agencies.
Agency (country/region) Budget (in millions of US $)
NASA (USA)
21,500
CNSA (China)
8,400
ESA (Europe)
6,406
DLR (Germany)
4,274
Roscosmos (Russia)
3,272
CNES (France)
2,700
ISRO (India)
1,425
ASI (Italy)
1,800
JAXA (Japan)
1,699
KARI (South Korea)
583
UKSA (UK)
500
ASA (Algeria)
360
CSA (Canada)
246
ISAB (Belgium)
224
INTA (Spain)
211
SSO (Switzerland)
177
ISA and ISRC (Iran)
139
NSO (Netherlands)
110
SNSA (Sweden)
100
NOSA (Norway)
97
SSAU (Ukraine)
80
ALR (Austria)
75
ISA (Israel)
48
AEB (Brazil)
47
CONAE (Argentina)
45
Country/
region
Agency Budget
(in millions of US $)
Reference Year
 United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration 21,500 [94][95] 2019
 China China National Space Administration 8,400 [96] 2017
European Space Agency 6,406 [97] 2019
 Germany German Aerospace Center 4,274 [98] 2017
 Russia Russian Federal Space Agency 3,272 [99] 2015
 France French Space Agency 2,700 [100] 2017
 India Indian Space Research Organisation 1,425 [101] 2019-20
 Italy Italian Space Agency 1,800 [102] 2016
 Japan Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency 1,699 [103] 2017
 South Korea Korea Aerospace Research Institute 583 [104] 2016
 United Kingdom UK Space Agency 500 [105] 2017
 Algeria Algerian Space Agency 360 2015
 Canada Canadian Space Agency 246 [106] 2018
 Belgium Interfederal Space Agency of Belgium 224 [107] 2018
 Spain Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial 211 [108] 2018
  Switzerland Swiss Space Office 177 [97] 2019
 Iran Iranian Space Agency and Iranian Space Research Center 139 [109] 2014-15
 Netherlands Netherlands Space Office 110 [110]
 Sweden Swedish National Space Agency 100 [111] 2011
 Norway Norwegian Space Agency 97 [112] 2014
 Ukraine State Space Agency of Ukraine 80 [113]
 Austria Austrian Space Agency 75 [114] 2018
 Israel Israel Space Agency 48
 Brazil Brazilian Space Agency 47 [115] 2018
 Argentina Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales 45 [116] 2019
 Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission 45 [117][118] 2018-19
 Philippines Philippine Space Agency 38 [citation needed] 2019
 Nigeria National Space Research and Development Agency 32.3 [119] 2019
 South Africa South African National Space Agency 11.8 [120] 2014-15
 Mexico Mexican Space Agency 8.34 [121]
 Australia Australian Space Agency 6.9 [122][123] 2019
  World All space agencies (Total of listed budgets) About 55,000

See also

References

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