Special adviser (UK)

A special adviser[1] (SpAd) is a temporary civil servant who advises and assists UK government ministers[2] or ministers in the Scottish and Welsh devolved governments.[3] They differ from impartial civil servants in that they are political appointees.[2]

Special advisers are paid by the government and appointed under Section 15 of the Constitutional Reform and Governance Act 2010. There are four pay bands for special advisers.[4]