List of sports terms named after people


This is a list of eponyms in sports, i.e. sports terms named after people.

American football


  • Cleveland Browns: The Cleveland Browns were named after their first coach, Paul Brown. Brown would later become the first coach of the Cincinnati Bengals, which shared the same color scheme as the Browns in part due to Brown.
  • Rooney Rule: a National Football League policy that requires league teams to interview ethnic-minority candidates for head coaching and senior football operation jobs. Named after Dan Rooney, the former owner of the Pittsburgh Steelers and chairman of the NFL's diversity committee when the policy was created in 2003.

Artistic gymnastics


  • Amanar (vault) – Yurchenko family vault, roundoff on and 212 twists off, after Simona Amânar (Romania)
  • Araújo (balance beam (dismount)) – salto forward stretched with 2 twist, after Heine Araújo (Brazil)
  • Belyavskiy (parallel bars) – double front salto dismount in piked position, after David Belyavskiy (Russia)
  • Blanik (vault) – handspring forward on – double piked salto forward off, after Polish artistic gymnast Leszek Blanik (Poland)
  • Borden (balance beam) – straddled piked jump from a side position or side split jump done on the balance beam with a 12 or 34 turn, after Amanda Borden (US)[1]
  • Bhardwaj (uneven bars) – a backward flip (Pak salto) on the high bar with full-twist and then catches the low bar, after Mohini Bhardwaj (US)[2]
  • Bhavsar (still rings) – pull through momentary, front lever press to Maltese, after Raj Bhavsar (US)
  • Bhavsar (parallel bars) – long hang swing forward, straddle cut backward, and regrasp with straight body at horizontal (Tippelt to long hang swing), after Raj Bhavsar (US)
  • Bi turn (uneven bars) – after Bi Wenjing (China)
  • Biles (floor exercise) – double layout with 12 turn, after Simone Biles (US)
  • Biles 2 (floor exercise) – triple-twisting double back tucked somersault, originated at the 2019 US National Championships and pending successful completion at an international competition to receive naming credit, after Simone Biles (US)
  • Biles (vault) — Yurchenko 12 on into 2/1 twists off, after Simone Biles (US)
  • Biles (balance beam (dismount)) – double-twisting double back tucked somersault, originated at the 2019 US National Championships and pending successful completion at an international competition to receive naming credit, after Simone Biles (US)
  • Brause (uneven bars) – done from the low bar facing away from the high bar with a cast to front salto forward and catching the bar, after Doris Fuchs-Brause (US)
  • Bretschneider (horizontal bar) – release with double-twisting double back tucked somersault over bar before regrasp, after Andreas Bretschneider (Germany)
  • Bryan (pommel horse) – scissors with 12 turn to handstand, 12 pirouette and straddle back down, after Casey Bryan (US)
  • Bulimar (floor exercise) – a Johnson leap (switch leap with 14 turn to side position) with additional full turn, after Diana Bulimar (Romania)
  • Cassina (horizontal bar) – full-twisting double layout or straight Kolman somersault over bar, after Igor Cassina (Italy)
  • Cheng (vault) – Yurchenko 12 on into 112 twists off, after Cheng Fei (China)
  • Chusovitina (floor exercise) – full-twisting double layout salto, after Oksana Chusovitina (USSR, Germany, Uzbekistan)
  • Chusovitina (vault) – handspring forward on – piked salto with full twist off, after Oksana Chusovitina (USSR, Germany, Uzbekistan)
  • Chusovitina 2 (vault) - handspring forward on - laid out salto with 1 1/2 twist off, after Oksana Chusovitina (USSR, Germany, Uzbekistan)
  • Chow–Khorkina or Khorkina–Chow (uneven bars) – Stalder 112 pirouette, after Amy Chow [US, also first performed by Svetlana Khorkina (Russia)]
  • Chow 2 (uneven bars) – Stalder to Shaposhnikova, after Amy Chow (US)
  • Comaneci salto (uneven bars) – front support on high bar, cast with salto forward straddle to hang on high bar, after Nadia Comăneci (Romania)
  • Daggett (pommel horse) – scissor backward with 12 counterturn, after Tim Daggett (US)
  • Dalton (parallel bars) – roll backward with 12 turn tuck or Harada to hang, after Jacob Dalton (US)
  • Dawes (uneven bars) – back giant with 112 turn in handstand, after Dominique Dawes (US)
  • Derwael–Fenton (uneven bars) – backward stalder with counter straddle reverse hecht over the high bar with half (180-degree) turn to hang in mixed L-grip, after Nina Derwael (BE) and Georgia-Mae Fenton (UK)
  • Diomidov (parallel bars) – swing forward with a full turn on one arm to handstand, after Sergei Diomidov (USSR)[1]
  • Dos Santos (floor exercise) – Arabian double pike (12 turn to double front somersault in piked position), after Daiane dos Santos (Brazil)
  • Dos Santos 2 (floor exercise) – Arabian double layout (12 turn to double front somersault laid out position), after Daiane dos Santos (Brazil)
  • Dowell (floor exercise) - front double piked salto Brenna Dowell (US)
  • Downie (Uneven bars) - stalder backward on high bar with counter pike – reverse hecht over high bar to hang, after Rebecca Downie (Great Britain)
  • Drăgulescu (vault) – handspring double front tucked somersault with 12 turn, after Marian Drăgulescu (Romania)
  • Drăgulescu piked (vault) – officially named the Ri Se Gwang 2 originated by Ri Se Gwang of North Korea; use of Drăgulescu piked when referring to this skill is often preferred in practice because of how well-known the regular Drăgulescu is; one of only 5 vaults currently with highest official D-score of 6.0; variant of the Drăgulescu where only difference is somersaults done in piked position, after Marian Drăgulescu (România) and Ri Se Gwang of North Korea
  • Erceg (balance beam (mount)) – round off Arabian front tuck onto the end of the beam, after Tina Erceg (Croatia)
  • Fan (uneven bars (dismount)) - from L-grip swing backwards, 12 (180 degree) turn to double salto Fan Yilin (China)
  • Ferrari (floor exercise) – a ring tour jete with 12 turn and a landing on both feet, after Vanessa Ferrari (Italy)
  • Fontaine (uneven bars dismount) – double somersaulting dismount is a back tuck with 12 twist into a front tuck, after Larissa Fontaine (US)
  • Galante (balance beam) – 112 turns with leg held in split position, after Paola Galante (Italy)
  • Garrison (floor exercise) – cat leap forward with bent legs and 112 turn, after Kelly Garrison (US)
  • Garrison (balance beam) – free shoulder roll forward to stand or tuck stand without hand support, after Kelly Garrison (US)
  • Garrison 2 (balance beam) – from an extended tuck sit, Valdez swing over backward through horizontal plane with support on one arm, after Kelly Garrison (US)
  • Garrison 3 (balance beam) – round-off, tucked full mount, after Kelly Garrison (US)
  • Gatson (parallel bars) – a swing backward with full turn hop to handstand, after Jason Gatson (US)
  • Gaylord (horizontal bar) – front giant into a 112-twisting front salto over the bar to regrasp – a front somersault in tucked, piked or straddled position over the bar, after Mitch Gaylord (US)
  • Gaylord 2 (horizontal bar) – back giant into a layout Gienger (back salto 12 turn) over bar to regrasp – a back somersault over bar, after Mitch Gaylord (US)
  • Gebeshian (uneven bars) – 360° turn from low to high bar known as a full twisting jump Hecht mount (uneven bars), after Houry Gebeshian (Armenia)[3]
  • Gienger salto (horizontal bar) – after Eberhard Gienger (Germany)
  • Gienger salto (uneven bars) – after Eberhard Gienger (Germany)
  • Gómez (floor exercise) – quadruple spin, after Elena Gómez (Spain)
  • Grigoraş (balance beam) – after Cristina Elena Grigoraş (Romania)
  • Hayden (horizontal bar) – a double salto backwards in layout, with full twist over the bar, after Daniel Hayden (US)
  • Henrich (balance beam) – a stag-split, split-leap or jump forward with 12 turn, landing on both feet or in a one-two step-out or a split jump in side position with bending of rear leg backward upward that starts from a cross stand, after Christy Henrich (US)
  • Hindorff (uneven bars) – clear hip circle to immediate Tkatchev release, after Sylvia Hindorff (East Germany)[1]
  • Huang (uneven bars) – a stalder forward in L-grip with full turn to handstand, initiated on one arm before handstand, after Huang Qiushuang (China)
  • Humphrey (floor exercise) – switch split leap forward with a 14 turn to side split leap or straddle pike position, after Terin Humphrey (US)
  • Humphrey (balance beam/floor exercise) – 212 turn (900°) on one leg, in tuck stand, with free leg optional, after Terin Humphrey (US)
  • Hypolito (floor exercise) – Arabian double pike with a full twist, after Diego Hypólito (Brazil)
  • Jäger salto (horizontal bar, uneven bars) – swing backwards and salto forwards to catch high bar again, after Bernd Jäger (East Germany)[1]
  • Janz salto (uneven bars) – after Karin Janz (East Germany)
  • Johnson (floor exercise) – a switch-split leap forward with leg change and 14 turn to side split leap or straddle pike position, after Brandy Johnson (US)
  • Kasamatsu (vault) – after Shigero Kasamatsu (Japan)[4]
  • Kim (floor exercise) – double tucked back salto, after Nellie Kim (USSR)
  • Kim-Shirai or Shirai-Kim (vault) – round-off—back-handspring (Yurchenko) into triple twist layout, after Kim Hee Hoon (South Korea, also first performed by Kenzo Shirai (Japan))
  • Khorkina (uneven bars) – back uprise and straddle flight over high bar with 12 turn to hang, after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia)
  • Khorkina 2 (uneven bars) – inner front support on low bar, clear hip circle to handstand with 12 turn in flight to hang on high bar, after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia)
  • Khorkina (balance beam) – gainer back-handspring with full twist before hand support, after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia)
  • Khorkina 2 (balance beam (dismount)) – gainer 212-twisting back layout dismount to side or at the end of beam, after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia)
  • Khorkina 3 (balance beam (dismount)) – gainer triple-twisting back layout dismount to side or at the end of beam, after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia)
  • Khorkina-Chow or Chow-Khorkina (uneven bars) – Stalder 112 pirouette, after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia, also first performed by Amy Chow (US))
  • Khorkina (floor exercise) – hop with 112 turns to front lying support, after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia)
  • Khorkina (vault) – round-off, back-handspring with 12 turn on, 12 turn into back pike off, after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia)
  • Khorkina 2 (vault) – round-off, back-handspring with 12 turn on, 112-twisting front tuck off, after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia)
  • Kolman (horizontal bar) – a full-twisting Kovacs with two back somersaults and one full twist over the bar, after Alojz Kolman (Slovenia)[citation needed]
  • Komova (uneven bars) – clear pike circle backward through handstand with flight and 12 turn (180°) to hang on high bar, after Viktoria Komova (Russia)
  • Komova 2 (uneven bars) – clear pike circle backwards through handstand with flight to hang on high bar, after Viktoria Komova (Russia)
  • Kononenko (uneven bars) – counter straddle hecht with 12 turn to hang on high bar in mixed L-grip, after Natalia Kononenko (Ukraine)
  • Kotchetkova (balance beam) – full-twisting back-handspring, after Dina Kotchetkova (Russia)
  • Korbut flip (balance beam) – standing back somersault to swing down on beam, after Olga Korbut (USSR)
  • Korbut flip (uneven bars) – standing on the high bar, does back flip, then catches the bar, after Olga Korbut (USSR)
  • Kovacs (horizontal bar) – double back somersault over bar, after Péter Kovács (Hungary)[1]
  • Liukin (floor exercise) – one of only 2 skills with highest D-score of H (0.8) (other is the Shirai 3) on men's floor; triple back tucked somersault, after Valeri Liukin (USSR)
  • Liukin (horizontal bar) – Tkatchev with full-twisting layout, after Valeri Liukin (USSR)
  • Liukin (balance beam) – salto front pike, take off from one leg to one foot landing to scale, hold for two seconds, after Nastia Liukin (US)
  • Li Li German Giant (uneven bars) – after Li Li (China)
  • Li Li (balance beam) – 114 turns on back (balance beam), after Li Li (China)
  • Li Ya salto (uneven bars) – straddled Jaeger caught in a mixed grip, after Li Ya (China)
  • Li Ya (uneven bars (dismount)) – backward giant into an Arabian double front pike, after Li Ya (China)
  • Liu Xuan salto (uneven bars) – giant circle backward to handstand on one arm, after Liu Xuan (China)
  • López (vault) – round-off, 12 twist on, front straight somersault with 12 turn off, after Denisse López (Mexico)
  • Magyar traverse (pommel horse) – after Zoltán Magyar (Hungary)
  • Magyar spindle (pommel horse) – after Zoltán Magyar (Hungary)
  • Maloney (uneven bars) – a piked sole circle backward to handstand with a 360° turn after the handstand phase to mixed-L or L-grip, after Kristen Maloney (US)
  • Maloney (uneven bars) – begins from inner front support on low bar and consists of piked sole circle backward through handstand with flight to hang on high bar, after Kristen Maloney (US)
  • Ma dismount (uneven bars) – a hecht-front-salto-full, after Ma Yanhong (China)
  • McCool (balance beam) – beam mount approaches toward the end of the beam and is a flyspring forward with flight before and after the hand support on the beam and lands on both feet – approach at end of beam, after Courtney McCool (US)
  • McNamara (uneven bars (mount)) – a jump to hang on the high bar into a free hip circle to handstand with 12 turn in handstand, after Julianne McNamara (US)
  • Melissanidis (vault) – a round off entry onto the vault table followed by a 212-twisting back tucked or piked somersault, after Ioannis Melissanidis (Greece)
  • Memmel (floor exercise) – double turn with leg held in split position (double Y-turn), after Chellsie Memmel (US)
  • Memmel (balance beam) – front flip with 12 turn (Barani) in piked position, after Chellsie Memmel (US)
  • Mikulak (pommel horse) – full scissors from one end of the pommel horse to the other, after Samuel Mikulak
  • Miller (uneven bars) – cast to handstand with 112 turn after handstand to mixed-L grip, after Shannon Miller (US)
  • Mitchell (floor exercise, balance beam) – triple turn (1080°) in tuck stand on one leg - free leg optional, after Lauren Mitchell (Australia)
  • Miyachi (horizontal bar) – officially the only skill with highest D-score of I in men's gymnastics; a variant of the Bretschneider where the skill is done in a layout position; the straight Bretschneider, double-twisting Cassina or straight double-twisting Kovac, after Hidetaka Miyachi (Japan)
  • Mo salto (uneven bars) – Gaylord 2, front tuck over high bar, starting and ending in a mixed grip, after Mo Huilan (China)[2]
  • Moors (uneven bars) – from underswing, with feet on bar, salto forward stretched with 12 turn, after Victoria Moors (Canada)
  • Moors (floor exercise) – only skill with highest D-score of I in women's gymnastics, double-twisting double back layout, after Victoria Moors (Canada)
  • Mostepanova (floor exercise) – front handspring with full twist before hand support, after Olga Mostepanova (USSR)
  • Mukhina salto (floor exercise) – double salto backwards tucked or piked, with full 360 twist – after Elena Mukhina (USSR)
  • Mukhina (uneven bars) – Korbut flip with full twist – after Elena Mukhina (USSR)
  • Mustafina (uneven bars (dismount)) – 112-twisting double back tuck dismount, after Aliya Mustafina (Russia)
  • Mustafina 2 (uneven bars) – full-twisting Maloney (or Seitz) caught in a mixed grip, after Aliya Mustafina (Russia)
  • Mustafina (floor) – triple Y-turn, after Aliya Mustafina (Russia)
  • Mustafina (vault) – round-off, 12 turn on, full twisting front off (laid out), after Aliya Mustafina (Russia)
  • Nabieva (uneven bars) – toe-on reverse Hecht (Tkatchev) in the layout position, named after Tatiana Nabieva (Russia)
  • Nguyen (parallel bars) – a free hip circle mount from the side of the bars with 34 turn to handstand position, after Marcel Nguyen (Germany)
  • Nagornyy (floor) – Triple back pike, after Nikita Nagornyy (Russia)
  • Okino (uneven bars (dismount)) – a free hip underswing with 12 twist to layout back salto, after Elizabeth (Betty) Okino (US)
  • Okino (balance beam) – triple pirouette or triple turn, after Elizabeth (Betty) Okino (US)
  • Omelianchik (balance beam) – back handspring with 34 turn dive to handstand, after Oksana Omelianchik (USSR)
  • Omelianchik (vault) – round-off, 34 on, front pike off, after Oksana Omelianchik (USSR)
  • O'Neill (still rings) – a stretched double feige backward to a hang, after Paul O'Neill (US)
  • Onodi (balance beam) – back handspring with 12 turn, after Henrietta Ónodi (Hungary)[1]
  • Pak salto (uneven bars) – does a backward flip on the high bar and then catches the low bar, after Pak Gyong-sil (North Korea)[2]
  • Patterson (balance beam (dismount)) – an Arabian double front dismount, after Carly Patterson (US)
  • Pegan (horizontal bar) – double front salto with 12 turn – 180°, after Aljaž Pegan (Slovenia)
  • Phelps (vault) – 12 turn onto the vault (Tsukahara) to a layout backflip with 12 turn, after Jaycie Phelps (US)
  • Phillps (balance beam) – a handstand straddle split, with a 90° backbend, originally performed on the balance beam and press to side handstand, front walkover to side stand on both legs, after Kristie Phillps (US)
  • Preziosa (balance beam) – full turn with free leg held backwards with both hands, after Elisabetta Preziosa (Italy)
  • Podkopayeva (vault) – round-off, 34 twist on, front piked somersault with 12 turn off, after Lilia Podkopayeva (Ukraine)
  • Podkopayeva (floor) – double front somersault with a 12 twist, after Lilia Podkopayeva (Ukraine)[1]
  • Popa (floor exercise) – straddle pike jump with full turn (360°), after Celestina Popa (Romania)[1]
  • Produnova (vault) – one of only 2 skills with highest D-score of 6.4 in women's vault (other is the Biles or "half on—double full off"; first of only five women to have landed this in competition; front handspring on into double front somersault off, after Elena Produnova (Russia)
  • Ray (uneven bars) – a Stalder backwards with release and counter movement forward to catch the high bar, after Elise Ray (US)
  • Ray 2 (uneven bars) – a handstand on the high bar to a pike sole circle backward into a backward counter straddle-reverse hecht over the high bar and a rematch, after Elise Ray (US)
  • Ray 3 (uneven bars (dismount)) – double-twisting double layout bars dismount, after Elise Ray (US)
  • The Retton Flip (uneven bars) – a transition (front flip) from low to highbar, resulting in the gymnast perched or "sitting" on top of the high bar, after Mary Lou Retton (US)
  • Ri Se Gwang (vault) – currently one of only five vaults with highest official D-score of 6.0; full-twisting double Tsukahara, after Ri Se Gwang (North Korea)
  • Ri Se Gwang 2 (vault) – currently one of only five vaults with highest official D-score of 6.0; front handspring double piked with 12 twist, or Drăgulescu piked in practice, after Ri Se Gwang (North Korea)
  • Roth (pommel horse) – from cross support, rearways, reverse Stockli, wendeswing forward to reverse Stockli to cross support forward on other end, not touch pommel, after Bill Roth (US)
  • Semenova (floor exercise) – a double spin with the leg in back attitude, after Ksenia Semenova (Russia)
  • Semenova (balance beam) – full spin with leg in back attitude, after Ksenia Semenova (Russia)
  • Seitz (uneven bars) – on low bar, pike sole circle through handstand with flight to hang on high bar with full twist during flight phase, after Elisabeth Seitz (Germany)
  • Shaham (horizontal bar) – 112-twisting double back somersault over bar, after Noam Shaham (Israel)
  • Shaposhnikova (uneven bars) – on the low bar, free hip circle with flight to hang on high bar, after Natalia Shaposhnikova (USSR)[2]
  • Shewfelt (vault) – aka Amanar for women, Yurchenko stretched with 212 twists, after Kyle Shewfelt (Canada)
  • Shirai or Shirai-Nguyen (floor exercise) – quadruple-twisting layout backwards, after Kenzo Shirai [Japan, also first performed by Nguyen Tuan Dat (Vietnam)]
  • Shirai 2 (floor exercise) – triple-twisting layout forwards, after Kenzo Shirai (Japan)
  • Shirai 3 (floor exercise) – triple-twisting double layout backwards; one of only two skills with highest official D-score of H (0.8) (other is the Liukin) currently in men's floor, after Kenzo Shirai (Japan)
  • Shirai or Shirai-Kim (vault) – round-off, back-handspring into triple-twisting layout, after Kenzo Shirai [Japan, also first performed by Kim Hee Hoon (South Korea)]
  • Shirai 2 (vault) – round-off, back-handspring (Yurchenko) with 312-twisting layout; one of only 5 vaults with highest official D-score of 6.0, after Kenzo Shirai (Japan, 1st time successfully completed in competition – 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro)
  • Shirai 3 (vault) – round-off, full-twisting back-handspring (aka Scherbo) on into double twist off, after Kenzo Shirai (Japan)
  • Shushunova (floor exercise) – straddle jump to lay on front support, after Yelena Shushunova (Russia)
  • Shushunova (uneven bars) – full-twisting Tkachev, after Yelena Shushunova (Russia)
  • Silivaş (balance beam (mount)) – after Daniela Silivaş (Romania)
  • Silivaş (floor) – double twisting double back tucked, after Daniela Silivaş (Romania)[1]
  • Stalder (horizontal bar) – free circle backwards in straddle or legs together through handstand Josef Stalder (Switzerland)
  • Stroescu (floor exercise) – stretched forward salto with 212 twists, (mistakenly named) after Silvia Stroescu (Romania)
  • Strong (uneven bars) – shoot over to low bar with 112 twists, after Lori Strong (Canada)
  • Strong (Lori) hop (balance beam) – after Lori Strong (Canada)
  • Strug (floor exercise) – a tour jete with additional 12 turn and landing on both feet, after Kerri Strug (US)[1]
  • Sugihara (balance beam) – double turn with the leg held in split position Aiko Sugihara (Japan)
  • Talavera (balance beam) – pommel horse-like move with the circle done like a flair, after Tracee Talavera (US)
  • Teza (balance beam) – Yurchenko loop is performed with a full-twisting handspring, after Elvire Teza (France)[1]
  • Thomas flair (pommel horse, floor exercise) – after Kurt Thomas (US)
  • Thomas salto (floor exercise) – salto backwards in a tucked or piked position with 112 twists, after Kurt Thomas (US)
  • Thomas salto (floor exercise) – salto backwards in a layout (straight) position with 112 twists, after Kurt Thomas (US)
  • Tkachev (uneven bars) – reverse hecht; can be performed in straddled, piked, tucked or laid out, after Aleksandr Tkachyov (USSR)[2]
  • Tsukahara (vault) – involving a 14 or 12 turn onto the vault and back salto off, after Mitsuo Tsukahara (Japan)[citation needed]
  • Tweddle (uneven bars) – sole circle backward with counter straddle hecht with 12 turn to hang on high bar in mixed L-grip, after Beth Tweddle (Great Britain)
  • Urzică (parallel bars) – salto forwards to full turn to upper arm hang rated, after Marius Urzică (Romania)
  • van Leeuwen (uneven bars) – in the low bar, piked sole circle through handstand with flight to hang on high bar with 12 twist during flight phase, after Laura van Leeuwen (Netherlands)
  • Wang Huiying (vault) – front handspring layout Barani, after Wang Huiying (China)
  • Wells (parallel bars) – a giant swing backwards with in-locate forwards, after Trent Wells (US)
  • Wevers turn (balance beam) – a double turn on beam with leg held horizontally, after Sanne Wevers (Netherlands)
  • White (uneven bars) – a front Stalder into an L-grip to handstand with 12 turn in handstand, after Morgan White (US)
  • Wong (balance beam) – salto forward tucked with 12 turn mount, after Hiu Ying Angel Wong (China – Hong Kong)
  • Yang Hak Seon (vault) – currently one of only five vaults with highest official D-score of 6.0; front handspring triple twist, after Yang Hak-Seon (South Korea)
  • Yang Hak Seon 2 (vault) – currently one of only five vaults with highest official D-score of 6.0; Tsukahara with 312 twists or Kasamatsu with 212 twists, after Yang Hak-Seon (South Korea)
  • Yang Bo (balance beam) – stag ring jump with head tilted back, losing sight of the beam, after Yang Bo (China)[1]
  • Yurchenko (vault) – round-off, back-handspring onto the vaulting table, after Natalia Yurchenko (USSR)
  • Yurchenko loop (balance beam) – on side position, back-handspring to backward hip circle, after Natalia Yurchenko (USSR)
  • Zamolodchikova (vault) – Tsukahara stretched with double turn (720°) off, after Elena Zamolodchikova (Russia)
  • Zamolodchikova (balance beam) – flic-flac or back-handspring with full twist to hip circle backwards, after Elena Zamolodchikova (Russia)
  • Yarotska (uneven bars) – Stalder hecht from low bar to high bar, after Irina Yarotska (Ukraine)
  • Zanetti (still rings) – from hanging scale rearways press to planche, after Arthur Zanetti (Brazil)
  • Zonderland (parallel bars) – 114 Diamadov to one bar immediate 34 Healy to both bars, after Epke Zonderland (Netherlands)

Association football


Athletics


Baseball


Basketball


  • Dream Shake – the signature post move of Hakeem Olajuwon, nicknamed "The Dream", considered one of the most unguardable moves in NBA history.
  • Elam Ending – a method for ending games once a specified target score is reached; currently used in The Basketball Tournament. Named for its creator, Ball State University professor Nick Elam.[5]
  • Ewing Theory – an idea popularized by basketball analysist Bill Simmons, referring to the phenomena in which teams perform better when their star player is not playing or is no longer with the team. The term was named after New York Knicks legend Patrick Ewing's Achilles tendon injury kept him sidelined for a majority of the Knicks' 1999 NBA Finals run, including all but one game of the Eastern Conference Finals and the Finals themselves.
  • Hack-a-Shaq – the strategy of committing intentional fouls (originally a clock management strategy) to the purpose of lowering opponents' scoring. Named after Dallas Mavericks coach Don Nelson's use of the tactic against Shaquille O'Neal, although the strategy was originally used against Dennis Rodman.
  • The Shammgod – a style of crossover popularized by former NBA player God Shammgod, widely considered one of the greatest ball-handlers of all time.

Brazilian jiu-jitsu


Boxing


Cricket


Croquet


  • Duffer tice – a tice positioned, usually a yard or so North, and a touch East, of Hoop 6, laid on the second turn of the game, named after the Irish croquet player Duff Mathews (Ireland)[6]
  • Peel – to send a ball other than the striker's ball through its target hoop, named after Walter Peel (England)[7][8]
  • Solomon grip – the grip used by and named after John Solomon (England)[6]

Figure skating


Ice hockey


Lacrosse


  • Air Gait - a maneuver in which a player scores by jumping from behind the goal crease, dunking the ball over the top goal crossbar, and landing on the opposite side of the crease, after Gary Gait (Canada)

Motorsport


Rhythmic gymnastics


  • The Shugurova – tipping / spinning a rolling hoop with the feet during a leap, after Galina Shugurova (Soviet Union, Russia)
  • The Timochenko – after Alexandra Timoshenko (Soviet Union, Ukraine)
  • The Ralenkova – Rotation on the back, legs close, without support of the hand, after Anelia Ralenkova (Bulgaria)
  • The Zaripova – Split leap with ring or with back bend of the trunk, take-off and landing on the same leg, after Amina Zaripova (Russia)
  • The Kabaeva I – Ring leap with both legs, after Alina Kabaeva (Russia)
  • The Kabaeva II – Backscale Pivots; Front split trunk bent back below horizontal from standing position or from the position on the floor, after Alina Kabaeva (Russia)
  • The Kabaeva III – Balance with support on the chest, after Alina Kabaeva (Russia)
  • The Kabaeva IV – Split with hand support; also with jump preparation, after Alina Kabaeva (Russia)
  • The Cid Tostado – starting on one knee, leg forward, ball held with the foot. large roll of the ball on both legs, after Almudena Cid Tostado (Spain)
  • The Tchachina I – Switch leap with changing legs, after Irina Tchachina (Russia)
  • The Tchachina II – Reverse illusion turns, after Irina Tchachina (Russia)
  • The Tchachina III – Split balance from standing to kneeling position without hand support on the free leg or trunk side at horizontal, after Irina Tchachina (Russia)
  • The Utyasheva – backsplit to backscale to backsplit pivot with help, after Lyasan Utiasheva (Russia)
  • The Gizikova I – Front split balance with support passing the free leg into back split balance with support, after Zarina Gizikova (Russia)
  • The Gizikova II – Front split rotation with support with a passage of the free leg into back split with support or vice versa, after Zarina Gizikova (Russia)
  • The Kanaeva I – Ring Pivots (ring pivot spiral also known as "Kanaeva Pivot", quadruple/triple ring turn, quadruple queen pivot) – after Evgenia Kanaeva (Russia)
  • The Kanaeva II – Switch Turn, after Evgenia Kanaeva (Russia)
  • The Kanaeva III – Rotation on the stomach, legs in split, without support of the hand, after Evgenia Kanaeva (Russia)
  • The Zhukova – Cossack leap, straight leg to the side high up, whole foot higher than head with support and turn, after Inna Zhukova (Belarus)
  • The Kondakova – Pivot turn revolutions (pivot turn with forward free leg to half free leg position), after Daria Kondakova (Russia)
  • The Dmitrieva – Pivot connecting turns (attitude turns + ring pivot turn with help) – after Daria Dmitrieva (Russia)
  • The Staniouta – cossack turn starting on floor + connecting penchee turn, after Melitina Staniouta (Belarus)
  • The Kudry I – back bend to roll over apparatus catch, after Yana Kudryavtseva (Russia)
  • The Kudry II – Spinning ball on the tip of the finger while doing front walkover, after Yana Kudryavtseva (Russia)
  • The Kudry III – Chaine turn wrapped in ribbon serpentine with one arm on the back, after Yana Kudryavtseva (Russia)
  • The Kudry IV – Dive jump with asymmetric movements of the clubs: during the jump, a high bounce of the club from the floor and passing to the roll to catch this club. Large circle with the other club, after Yana Kudryavtseva (Russia)
  • The Kudry V – Spinning ball on the tip of the thumb while doing a side split balance without support, after Yana Kudryavtseva (Russia)
  • The Ashram – back-bend turn on floor with help, after Linoy Ashram (Israel)
  • The Trubnikova – side split without support, trunk side at horizontal, passing to front split, trunk bent back below horizontal, after Daria Trubnikova (Russia)
  • The Agiurgiuculese (Ag Jump) – turning split leap with ring of the back leg, take off and landing on the same leg (jete en tournant), after Alexandra Agiurgiuculese (Italy)
  • Mamun's ball roll – From a sitting position, transit into a dynamic balance (arm stand), with ball rolling from trunk to feet and catch, after Margarita Mamun (Russia)

Rugby league


  • Sonny-Billed – to have a hard driving tackle performed on someone, named after Sonny Bill Williams (New Zealand) who consistently performed these tackles
  • Hopoate – named after John Hopoate (Tonga)

Skiing


Speed Skating


  • To do a Bradbury – to win a contest or race as the one standing, after Australian short track speed skater Steven Bradbury (Australia) won his 1000m gold medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics when all other contestants crashed out on the final lap. Can apply to multiple sports or situations.

Tennis


Trampoline Gymnastics


  • The Miller – triple-twisting double straight back, after Wayne Miller (US)

Ultimate (Frisbee)


U.S. college sports


Weightlifting


Wrestling


Professional wrestling


See also


Gymnastics elements named after Romanian gymnasts

References


  1. Joel Alswang (2003). The South African Dictionary of Sport. Spearhead. pp. 140–143. ISBN 9780864865359.
  2. "Uneven Bars Skills Terminology". USGym.net. Archived from the original on 2004-10-10.
  3. "Gymnast Will Have The Best Souvenir From Rio Olympics". USAToday.
  4. "Shigeru Kasamatsu". International Gymnastics Hall of Fame.
  5. Lowe, Zach (June 18, 2018). "New kind of crunch time has NBA luminaries excited". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  6. "Croquet Jargon". The Croquet Association. 28 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  7. Laws of Association Croquet, 6th Edition, amended 2008, Croquet Association
  8. Hawkins, James (2010). Complete Croquet: A Guide to Skills, Tactics, and Strategy. Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1-84797-168-5.
  9. "Russell Rule Diversity Hiring Commitment" (Press release). West Coast Conference. August 3, 2020. Retrieved August 3, 2020.